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The Swift gamma-ray burst mission
The Swift mission will determine the origin of GRB, classify GRBs and search for new types, study the interaction of the ultrarelativistic outflows of GRBs with their surrounding medium, and use GRBs to study the early universe out to z >10. Expand
The Swift X-Ray Telescope
The X-ray telescope (XRT) enables Swift to determine GRB positions with a few arcseconds accuracy within 100 s of the burst onset, and will measure spectra and lightcurves of the GRB afterglow beginning about a minute after the burst and will follow each burst for days or weeks. Expand
An enigmatic long-lasting γ-ray burst not accompanied by a bright supernova
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are short, intense flashes of soft γ-rays coming from the distant Universe. Long-duration GRBs (those lasting more than ∼2 s) are believed to originate from the deaths ofExpand
The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave
A supernova is caught in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf–Rayet star. Expand
GRB 090423 at a redshift of z ≈ 8.1
Observations of GRB 090423 and the near-infrared spectroscopic measurement of its redshift are reported, suggesting that the mechanisms and progenitors that gave rise to this burst about 600,000,000 years after the Big Bang are not markedly different from those producing GRBs about 10, thousands of years later. Expand
Relativistic jet activity from the tidal disruption of a star by a massive black hole
Observations of a bright X-ray flare from the extragalactic transient Swift J164449.3+573451 conclude that they have captured the onset of relativistic jet activity from a supermassive black hole. Expand
Evidence for a canonical gamma-ray burst afterglow light curve in the Swift XRT data
We present new observations of the early X-ray afterglows of the first 27 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) well observed by the Swift X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The early X-ray afterglows show a canonicalExpand
Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C
The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gammaray energy, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. Expand
Bright X-ray Flares in Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglows
Two bright x-ray flares in GRB afterglows, including a giant flare comparable in total energy to the burst itself, each peaking minutes after the burst, imply that the central engines of the bursts have long periods of activity. Expand