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Sodium—A Functional Plant Nutrient
An array of evidence and arguments are presented to support the classification of Na as a “functional nutrient,” including its requirement for maximal biomass growth for many plants and its demonstrated ability to replace K in a number of ways. Expand
Climate change: Can wheat beat the heat?
Climate change could strongly affect the wheat crop that accounts for 21% of food and 200 million hectares of farmland worldwide. This article reviews some of the approaches for addressing theExpand
Biological nitrification inhibition (BNI)—is it a widespread phenomenon?
It is suggested that the BNI capacity could either be managed and/or introduced into pastures/crops with an expression of this phenomenon, via genetic improvement approaches that combine high productivity along with some capacity to regulate soil nitrification process. Expand
Evidence for biological nitrification inhibition in Brachiaria pastures
These findings provide direct evidence for the existence and active regulation of a nitrification inhibitor (or inhibitors) release from tropical pasture root systems, and could become a powerful strategy toward the development of low-nitrifying agronomic systems, benefiting both agriculture and the environment. Expand
A bioluminescence assay to detect nitrification inhibitors released from plant roots: a case study with Brachiaria humidicola
The proposed bioluminescence assay can be used to characterize and determine the BNI activity of plant roots, thus it could become a powerful tool in genetically exploiting the B NI trait in crops and pastures. Expand
Strategies for Improving Drought Resistance in Grain Legumes
It is concluded that use of recently derived knowledge in a systematic manner can lead to significant gains in yield and yield stability of the world's major grain legumes, as they are mainly grown (and will continue to be grown) under rain-fed conditions. Expand
NH4+ triggers the synthesis and release of biological nitrification inhibition compounds in Brachiaria humidicola roots
Results indicate that the release of BNI-compounds from B. humidicola roots is a regulated function and that presence of NH4+ in the root environment is necessary for the sustained synthesis and release ofBNI. Expand
Detection, isolation and characterization of a root-exuded compound, methyl 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate, responsible for biological nitrification inhibition by sorghum (Sorghum bicolor).
Methyl 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate is the first compound purified from the root exudates of any species; this is an important step towards better understanding BNI in sorghum. Expand
Suppression of soil nitrification by plants.
This review assesses the current status of the understanding of the production and release of biological nitrification inhibitors (BNIs) and their potential in improving NUE in agriculture and genetically exploited to improve the BNI-capacity of major food- and feed-crops. Expand
How far can sodium substitute for potassium in red beet?
Results indicate that in some cultivars of red beet, 95% of the normal tissue K can be replaced by Na without a reduction in growth. Expand