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The divIVA minicell locus of Bacillus subtilis.
The Bacillus subtilis divIVA1 mutation causes misplacement of the septum during cell division, resulting in the formation of small, circular, anucleate minicells. This study reports the cloning andExpand
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Fusobacterium necrophorum infections in animals: pathogenesis and pathogenic mechanisms.
Fusobacterium necrophorum, a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming anaerobe, is a normal inhabitant of the alimentary tract of animals and humans. Two subspecies of F. necrophorum, subsp. necrophorumExpand
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The enterotoxin D plasmid of Staphylococcus aureus encodes a second enterotoxin determinant (sej).
Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin D is one of the serotypes most commonly associated with food poisoning. Further characterization of the enterotoxin D-encoding plasmid revealed the presence of anExpand
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The divIVB region of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome encodes homologs of Escherichia coli septum placement (minCD) and cell shape (mreBCD) determinants.
Mutation of the divIVB locus in Bacillus subtilis causes frequent misplacement of the division septum, resulting in circular minicells, short rods, and filaments of various sizes. The divIVB1 mutantExpand
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The Exosporium Layer of Bacterial Spores: a Connection to the Environment and the Infected Host
  • G. Stewart
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Microbiology and Molecular Reviews
  • 28 October 2015
SUMMARY Much of what we know regarding bacterial spore structure and function has been learned from studies of the genetically well-characterized bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Molecular aspects ofExpand
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Leukotoxins of gram-negative bacteria.
Leukotoxins are a group of exotoxins that produce their primary toxic effects against leukocytes, especially polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). Leukotoxins include a variety of chemicals ranging fromExpand
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Essential nature of the mreC determinant of Bacillus subtilis.
The mre genes of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis are cell shape determination genes. Mutants affected in mre function are spheres instead of the normal rods. Although the mre determinants areExpand
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Regulatory elements of the Staphylococcus aureus protein A (Spa) promoter.
Staphylococcal protein A (Spa) is an important virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus. Transcription of the spa determinant occurs during the exponential growth phase and is repressed when theExpand
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Targeting of the BclA and BclB proteins to the Bacillus anthracis spore surface
The exosporium is the outermost layer of the Bacillus anthracis spore. The predominant protein on the exosporium surface is BclA, a collagen‐like glycoprotein. BclA is incorporated on the sporeExpand
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Mechanistic and physiological consequences of HPr(ser) phosphorylation on the activities of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system in gram‐positive bacteria: studies with
The bacterial phosphotransferase system (PTS) catalyzes the transport and phosphorylation of its sugar substrates. The protein‐kinase‐catalyzed phosphorylation of serine 46 in the phosphocarrierExpand
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