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Global dimming: a review of the evidence for a widespread and significant reduction in global radiation with discussion of its probable causes and possible agricultural consequences
This review analyzes the most accurate measurements, those made with thermopile pyranometers, and concludes that the reduction has globally averaged per year, equivalent to a reduction of 2.7% per decade, and now totals 20 W m−2, seven times the errors of measurement. Expand
A Simple Instrument for the Field Measurement of Turbulent Diffusion Flux
Abstract A new instrument is described which enables integrated values of water and carbon dioxide flux to be obtained under field conditions. The principle of operation is the Thornthwaite-HolzmanExpand
Evaporative climate changes at Bet Dagan, Israel, 1964–1998
The view that the widespread reductions in potential evaporation that have been reported, although not found at Bet Dagan, were caused by global dimming rather than an increase in the rate of atmospheric moisture cycling due to global warming is supported. Expand
The comparative productivity of organic agriculture
Abstract Two hundred and five comparisons were made of yields from organic and conventional farming systems, the data being obtained from three sources: a series of comparative observations; fourExpand
Solar Radiation Changes in Japan during the 20th Century : Evidence from Sunshine Duration Measurements
Annual values of sunshine duration (SS) measured in Japan between 1890 and 2002 were used as a proxy for global irradiance (Eg↓) to study trends and changes in solar forcing at the Earth's surface.Expand
Solar Radiation Changes in the United States during the Twentieth Century: Evidence from Sunshine Duration Measurements
Abstract Changes in sunshine duration (SS) measured in the conterminous United States during the past century were used as a proxy to explore changes in shortwave forcing at the earth’s surface whenExpand
Global radiation climate changes: The world network
Changes in global radiation measured with thermoelectric pyranometers at stations of the World Radiation Network in 1958, 1965, 1975 and 1985 were found to be large and statistically significant inExpand
Changes in the rate of evaporation from the Dead Sea
Heat balance calculations indicate that during the last 40 years a marked decrease in the evaporation rate from the Dead Sea has accompanied its increased salinity. Two-thirds of the estimated 17 perExpand
Solar irradiance, air pollution and temperature changes in the Arctic
  • G. Stanhill
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 15 August 1995
Reductions in global irradiance were most frequent in the early spring months and in the western sectors of the Arctic, coinciding with the seasonal and spatial distribution of the incursions of polluted air which give rise to the Arctic Haze. Expand