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High prevalence of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense group 1 in pigs from the Fontem sleeping sickness focus in Cameroon.
To understand the importance of domestic pigs in the epidemiology of humantrypanosomiasis, PCR was used to identify trypanosome populations in 133 pigs from the Fontem sleeping sickness focus of Cameroon and observed that under natural conditions, 52.4% of the pigs fromThe Fontem focus carry mixed infections with T. b. Expand
Enabling the genomic revolution in Africa
If the dearth of genomics research involving Africans persists, the potential health and economic benefits emanating from genomic science may elude an entire continent. Expand
Wild fauna as a probable animal reservoir for Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Cameroon.
Blood was collected from wild animals in three human African trypanosomiasis foci and from a nonendemic control area to study the existence of a wild animal reservoir for Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in South Cameroon. Expand
Domestic animals as potential reservoir hosts of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in sleeping sickness foci in Cameroon.
An explanation of the endemic nature and/or the resurgence of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the historic foci in West and Central Africa may be the existence of an animal reservoir. In someExpand
Identification of trypanosomes in wild animals from southern Cameroon using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
PCR was used to detect the different trypanosome species present in wild animal captured by hunters in the southern forest belt of Cameroon and found parasites pathogenic to man in 164 animals belonging to 24 different species including ungulates, rodents, pangolins, carnivores, reptiles and primates. Expand
Characterization of Trypanosoma brucei s.l. subspecies by isoenzymes in domestic pigs from the Fontem sleeping sickness focus of Cameroon.
It is evident from this study that the domestic pig may be a potential reservoir host for T. brucei gambiense in the Fontem focus of Cameroon and need for an extensive study on domestic animals in Cameroon and other neighbouring countries for a better comprehension of the epidemiology of sleeping sickness within the Central African region. Expand
Tsetse fly host preference from sleeping sickness foci in Cameroon: epidemiological implications.
The consideration of both results of the prevalence of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in vertebrate hosts and those of the tsetse fly host preferences indicates a wild animal reservoir of Gambian sleeping sickness and three transmission cycles (human, domestic and wild animals' cycles) in southern Cameroon HAT foci. Expand
Tsetse fly blood meal modification and trypanosome identification in two sleeping sickness foci in the forest of southern Cameroon.
Tsetse fly feeding patterns can be specific of a given area and can evolve rapidly with time, and show an active circulation of a variety of trypanosomes in sleeping sickness foci of southern Cameroon. Expand
Infection rate of Trypanosoma brucei s.l., T. vivax, T. congolense "forest type", and T. simiae in small wild vertebrates in south Cameroon.
This study showed that trypanosomes of the subgenera Duttonella, Nannomonas and Trypanozoon could infect small wild vertebrates as has been shown for large ungulates and carnivores. Expand
Relationship between hyperglycemia, antioxidant capacity and some enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in African patients with type 2 diabetes
The results suggest that the plasma levels of CAT, TAC and reduced glutathione could give information on the risk of developing complications of diabetes, considering that the modification of these biomarkers levels were associated with oxidative stress. Expand