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Levels of emotional awareness and autism: An fMRI study
TLDR
Difficulties in emotional awareness are related to hypoactivity in AI in both individuals with high functioning autism/Asperger syndrome and controls, and that the particular difficulties in emotionalawareness in individuals with HFA/AS are not related to their impairments in self-reflection/mentalizing.
Empathic brain responses in insula are modulated by levels of alexithymia but not autism
TLDR
The findings suggest that empathy deficits observed in autism may be due to the large comorbidity between alexithymic traits and autism, rather than representing a necessary feature of the social impairments in autism.
Neural Responses to Ingroup and Outgroup Members' Suffering Predict Individual Differences in Costly Helping
TLDR
It is concluded that empathy-related insula activation can motivate costly helping, whereas an antagonistic signal in nucleus accumbens reduces the propensity to help.
Brain abnormalities underlying altered activation in dyslexia: a voxel based morphometry study.
TLDR
Evidence is provided that altered activation observed within the reading system is associated with altered density of grey and white matter of specific brain regions, such as the left middle and inferior temporal gyri and the left arcuate fasciculus, which supports the view that dyslexia isassociated with both local grey matter dysfunction and with altered connectivity among phonological/reading areas.
Attention does not modulate neural responses to social stimuli in autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
Analyses of effective connectivity indicated that these results were due to a failure of attention to modulate connectivity between extrastriate areas and V1, which may suggest a mechanism to explain the reduced salience of social stimuli in ASD.
Right Supramarginal Gyrus Is Crucial to Overcome Emotional Egocentricity Bias in Social Judgments
TLDR
This study extends previous models of social cognition and shows that although shared neural networks may underlie emotional understanding in some situations, an additional mechanism subserved by rSMG is needed to avoid biased social judgments in other situations.
Effects of Oxytocin and Prosocial Behavior on Brain Responses to Direct and Vicariously Experienced Pain
TLDR
The results suggest that selfish individuals may not be as rational and unemotional as usually suggested, their actions being determined by their feeling anxious rather than by reason.
A functional-anatomical model for lipreading.
TLDR
The results suggest cortical activation circuits for lipreading from action representations that may differentiate lexical access from nonlexical processes.
Is stress affecting our ability to tune into others? Evidence for gender differences in the effects of stress on self-other distinction
TLDR
It is suggested that women flexibly disambiguate self and other under stress, enabling accurate social responses, while men respond with increased egocentricity and less adaptive regulation, which has crucial implications for explaining gender differences in social skills such as empathy and prosociality.
Affective basis of judgment-behavior discrepancy in virtual experiences of moral dilemmas
TLDR
In this within-subjects experiment, participants exhibited an order-dependent judgment-behavior discrepancy across temporally separated sessions, which suggests that moral decision-making in hypothetical moral dilemmas is susceptible to contextual saliency of the presentation of these dilemma.
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