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Adiponectin levels are reduced in children born small for gestational age and are inversely related to postnatal catch-up growth.
Adiponectin is an adipocytokine with insulin-sensitizing and antiatherogenic properties. Reduced concentrations of adiponectin precede the onset of type 2 diabetes and the development ofExpand
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Evaluation of anterior pituitary gland volume in childhood using three-dimensional MRI
AbstractBackground: Three-dimensional MRI (3D-MRI) is a reliable tool for the evaluation of anatomical volumes. Volumetric measurement of the normal anterior pituitary gland in childhood has beenExpand
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Molecular Analysis of the GNAS1 Gene for the Correct Diagnosis of Albright Hereditary Osteodystrophy and Pseudohypoparathyroidism
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by PTH resistance and classified as types Ia, Ib, Ic, and II, according to its different pathogenesis and phenotype. PHP-IaExpand
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Blood glucose concentrations are reduced in children born small for gestational age (SGA), and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels are increased in SGA with blunted postnatal catch-up growth.
Fetal growth restriction is associated with an increased risk of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in adulthood. In addition, 10-20% of children born small for gestational age (SGA)Expand
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Height velocity and IGF‐I assessment in the diagnosis of childhood onset GH insufficiency: do we still need a second GH stimulation test?
objective The diagnosis of GH insufficiency (GHI) in childhood is not straightforward. Our aim was to test the sensitivity and specificity of height velocity (HV), IGF‐I, IGFBP‐3 and GH stimulationExpand
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Routine screening by brain magnetic resonance imaging is not indicated in every girl with onset of puberty between the ages of 6 and 8 years.
CONTEXT It is still controversial whether all girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) should undergo brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for unveiling intracranial pathology. OBJECTIVES TheExpand
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Insulin Resistance and Insulin-Like Growth Factors in Children with Intrauterine Growth Retardation
Aims: To investigate (a) the prevalence of insulin resistance in children with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR); (b) whether catch-up growth is associated with a higher risk of insulinExpand
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Marked left ventricular hypertrophy mimicking hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with steroid therapy for congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
We describe a child treated with high-dose steroid therapy for congenital adrenal hyperplasia who showed marked left ventricular hypertrophy mimicking hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated withExpand
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Low Birth Weight for Gestational Age Associates with Reduced Glucose Concentrations at Birth, Infancy and Childhood
Background/Aims: Our aim was to investigate glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system status in children born small for gestational age (SGA). Methods: AExpand
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Growth hormone and dysmorphic syndromes.
In order to study the pathogenesis of short stature in some of the best known and most frequent dysmorphic syndromes, we have reviewed the most significant studies conducted on somatrotropinExpand
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