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Brain Structures Differ between Musicians and Non-Musicians
Using a voxel-by-voxel morphometric technique, gray matter volume differences in motor, auditory, and visual-spatial brain regions are found when comparing professional musicians (keyboard players) with a matched group of amateur musicians and non-musicians.
Action Representation of Sound: Audiomotor Recognition Network While Listening to Newly Acquired Actions
Functional magnetic resonance imaging findings support the hypothesis of a “hearing–doing” system that is highly dependent on the individual's motor repertoire, gets established rapidly, and consists of Broca's area as its hub.
Musical Training Shapes Structural Brain Development
Structural brain changes after only 15 months of musical training in early childhood are demonstrated, which were correlated with improvements in musically relevant motor and auditory skills and suggest that structural brain differences in adult experts (whether musicians or experts in other areas) are likely due to training-induced brain plasticity.
In vivo evidence of structural brain asymmetry in musicians
In vivo magnetic resonance morphometry of the brain in musicians was used to measure the anatomical asymmetry of the planum temporale, a brain area containing auditory association cortex and previously shown to be a marker of structural and functional asymmetry.
Increased corpus callosum size in musicians
Magnetic resonance imaging profiles predict clinical response to early reperfusion: the diffusion and perfusion imaging evaluation for understanding stroke evolution (DEFUSE) study.
For stroke patients treated 3 to 6 hours after onset, baseline MRI findings can identify subgroups that are likely to benefit from reperfusion therapies and can potentially identify sub groups that are unlikely to benefit or may be harmed.
Motor cortex and hand motor skills: Structural compliance in the human brain
The size of the ILPG was negatively correlated with age of commencement of musical training in keyboard players, supporting the hypothesis that the human motor cortex can exhibit functionally induced and long‐lasting structural adaptations.
Asymmetry in the Human Motor Cortex and Handedness
Using magnetic resonance morphometry, it is shown for the first time that the depth of the central sulcus is related to handedness.
Shared networks for auditory and motor processing in professional pianists: Evidence from fMRI conjunction
From Singing to Speaking: Why Singing May Lead to Recovery of Expressive Language Function in Patients with Broca's Aphasia.
Treatment-associated imaging changes indicate that MIT's unique engagement of the right hemisphere, both through singing and tapping with the left hand to prime the sensorimotor and premotor cortices for articulation, accounts for its effect over nonintoned speech therapy.