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Vaccines against bluetongue in Europe.
After the incursion of bluetongue virus (BTV) into European Mediterranean countries in 1998, vaccination was used in an effort to minimize direct economic losses to animal production, reduce virusExpand
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Epidemiology of west nile in europe and in the mediterranean basin.
In the last 30 years several cases of West Nile (WN) virus infection were reported in horses and humans in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin. Most of them were determined by strains of theExpand
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Epizootic heamorragic disease.
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD) is an infectious non-contagious viral disease transmitted by insects of the genus Culicoides which affects wild and domestic ruminants. The causative agent, theExpand
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Bluetongue virus isolations from midges belonging to the Obsoletus complex (Culicoides, Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Italy
Between July and September 2002 there were outbreaks of bluetongue on three sheep holdings in the communities of San Gregorio Magno (Salerno, Campania), Laviano (Salerno, Campania) and CarpinoExpand
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Neosporosis in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Southern Italy.
A study was carried on 1377 water buffalo serum samples from 50 farms in southern Italy to test the presence of Neospora caninum antibodies by indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT). RabbitExpand
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First human case of Usutu virus neuroinvasive infection, Italy, August-September 2009.
We report the first worldwide case of Usutu virus (USUV) neuroinvasive infection in a patient with diffuse large B cell lymphoma who presented with fever and neurological symptoms and was diagnosedExpand
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Evidence of West Nile virus lineage 2 circulation in Northern Italy.
A West Nile virus (WNV) strain belonging to lineage 2 was for the first time detected in two pools of Culex pipiens collected in the province of Udine and in tissues of a wild collared doveExpand
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The NS3 proteins of global strains of bluetongue virus evolve into regional topotypes through negative (purifying) selection.
Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the genes (S10) encoding the NS3 protein of 137 strains of bluetongue virus (BTV) from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and the MediterraneanExpand
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Re‐Emergence of West Nile Virus in Italy
In August 2008, West Nile disease re‐emerged in Italy. The infection is affecting the North Eastern regions and, as of November 2008, has caused 33 clinical cases and five fatalities in horses. UntilExpand
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Bluetongue vaccination in Europe
Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the cause of bluetongue (BT), an insect-transmitted disease of domestic and wild ruminants [1,2]. BTV infection occurs throughout many of the temperate and tropical regionsExpand
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