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The role of acid phosphatases in plant phosphorus metabolism
Hydrolysis of phosphate esters is a critical process in the energy metabolism and metabolic regulation of plant ceils. This review summarizes the characteristics and putative roles of piant acidExpand
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Production of butanol (a biofuel) from agricultural residues: Part II – Use of corn stover and switchgrass hydrolysates☆
Abstract Acetone butanol ethanol (ABE) was produced from hydrolysed corn stover and switchgrass using Clostridium beijerinckii P260. A control experiment using glucose resulted in the production ofExpand
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Subcellular Localization of Oxygen Defense Enzymes in Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) Root Nodules
Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) root nodules contain the enzymes of the ascorbate-glutathione pathway to minimize oxidative damage. In the present study, fractionation and immunocytochemistry wereExpand
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Switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock in the USA
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been identified as a model herbaceous energy crop for the USA. In this review, we selectively highlight current USDA-ARS research on switchgrass for biomassExpand
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Managing and enhancing switchgrass as a bioenergy feedstock
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has identifi ed switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as a viable perennial herbaceous feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production. Although switchgrassExpand
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Improved Sugar Conversion and Ethanol Yield for Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Lines with Reduced Lignin Contents
Lignin is known to impede conversion of lignocellulose into ethanol. In this study, forage sorghum plants carrying brown midrib (bmr) mutations, which reduce lignin contents, were evaluated asExpand
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Oxidative Responses of Resistant and Susceptible Cereal Leaves to Symptomatic and Nonsymptomatic Cereal Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Feeding
Abstract The impact of the leaf-chlorosis-eliciting Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko), and the nonchlorosis-eliciting bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), feeding on D.Expand
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Comparative Genomics in Switchgrass Using 61,585 High‐Quality Expressed Sequence Tags
The development of genomic resources for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a perennial NAD+‐malic enzyme type C4 grass, is required to enable molecular breeding and biotechnological approaches forExpand
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A Nonsense Mutation in a Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase Gene Is Responsible for the Sorghum brown midrib6 Phenotype1[W][OA]
brown midrib6 (bmr6) affects phenylpropanoid metabolism, resulting in reduced lignin concentrations and altered lignin composition in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Recently, bmr6 plants were shown toExpand
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Downregulation of Cinnamyl-Alcohol Dehydrogenase in Switchgrass by RNA Silencing Results in Enhanced Glucose Release after Cellulase Treatment
Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) catalyzes the last step in monolignol biosynthesis and genetic evidence indicates CAD deficiency in grasses both decreases overall lignin, alters lignin structureExpand
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