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Using Respondent-Driven Sampling Methodology for HIV Biological and Behavioral Surveillance in International Settings: A Systematic Review
TLDR
It is shown that RDS is an effective technique, when designed and implemented appropriately, to sample most-at-risk populations for HIV biological and behavioral surveys.
Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
TLDR
Providing ART, prevention counseling, and partner VCT was associated with reduced sexual risk behavior and estimated risk of HIV transmission among HIV-infected Ugandan adults during the first 6 months of therapy.
Pediatric acute lung injury: prospective evaluation of risk factors associated with mortality.
TLDR
Mortality in pediatric ALI/ARDS is high and several risk factors have major prognostic value, and the initial severity of arterial hypoxemia in children correlates well with mortality.
Mobile phone text messaging for promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection.
TLDR
High quality evidence from the two RCTs that mobile phone text-messaging at weekly intervals is efficacious in enhancing adherence to ART in patients with HIV infection is found.
Depression and HIV in Botswana: A Population-Based Study on Gender-Specific Socioeconomic and Behavioral Correlates
TLDR
The findings suggest multiple targets for screening and prevention of depression and highlight the need to mental health counseling and treatment into primary health care to decrease morbidity and improve HIV management efforts.
Prevalence, incidence and mortality associated with tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda
TLDR
TB incidence and TB-associated mortality were highest within the first 6 months of ART and declined to 52% and 61% of expected values, respectively, from months 7 to 18 after ART initiation, however, both appear to decline markedly, after 6 weeks of ART.
Implementation Challenges to Using Respondent-Driven Sampling Methodology for HIV Biological and Behavioral Surveillance: Field Experiences in International Settings
Using respondent-driven sampling (RDS), we gathered data from 128 HIV surveillance studies conducted outside the United States through October 1, 2007. We examined predictors of poor study outcomes,
Interventions to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in children with HIV infection.
TLDR
A home-based nursing intervention has the potential to improve ART adherence, but more evidence is needed and well-designed evaluations of interventions to improve paediatric adherence to ART are needed.
The efficacy of behavioral interventions in reducing HIV risk behaviors and incident sexually transmitted diseases in heterosexual African Americans
TLDR
Interventions targeting heterosexual African Americans are efficacious in reducing HIV-risk sex behaviors and should be incorporated into the development of future interventions and further evaluated for effectiveness.
The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members
TLDR
This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the association between firearm accessibility and suicide or homicide victimization and specific characteristics about storage and types of firearms seem to increase suicide risk.
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