• Publications
  • Influence
Prevalence of Parent-Reported ASD and ADHD in the UK: Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study
TLDR
The observed prevalence of parent-reported ASD is high compared to earlier UK and US estimates and Parent-reported ADHD is low compared to US estimates using the same measure.
The Association Between Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Systematic Review
TLDR
There is evidence for an association between socioeconomic disadvantage and risk of ADHD measured in different ways, likely mediated by factors linked to low SES such as parental mental health and maternal smoking during pregnancy.
The association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with socioeconomic disadvantage: alternative explanations and evidence
TLDR
Although genetic and neurological determinants may be the primary predictors of difficulties with activity level and attention, aetiology appears to be influenced by socioeconomic situation.
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as a Predictor of Parent-Reported Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
There was substantial co-occurrence of behavioral difficulties between children diagnosed with ASD and those diagnosed with ADHD, and the results support changes to DSM-5 removing exclusivity clauses.
Socioeconomic Associations with ADHD: Findings from a Mediation Analysis
TLDR
Financial difficulties, housing tenure, maternal age at birth of child and marital status were significantly associated with an outcome of ADHD, such that families either living in financial difficulty, living in council housing, with younger or single mothers' were more likely to have a child with a research diagnosis of ADHD at age 7.
Dilemmas, diagnosis and de-stigmatization: Parental perspectives on the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
Parents who had received an ASD diagnosis for their children became proactive in trying to reduce stigmatization of ASD more widely, and in some cases actively advocating ASD diagnosis to other parents.
The prevalence of depressive symptoms among fathers and associated risk factors during the first seven years of their child’s life: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study
TLDR
Paternal depressive symptoms decreased among fathers when their children were aged between 9 months to 3 years old, suggesting similar patterns of parents’ depressive symptoms after the birth of a child, but the decrease was more evident for mothers.
‘People should be allowed to do what they like’: Autistic adults’ views and experiences of stimming
TLDR
Using thematic analysis, stimming was identified as (1) a self-regulatory mechanism and (2) lacking in social acceptance, but can become accepted through understanding.
Social and demographic factors that influence the diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorders
TLDR
Evidence is provided that social as well as biological factors can influence whether children are brought to the clinic and Maternal depression before and around the time of their children’s autistic difficulties was associated with lack of diagnosis.
Mapping the Autistic Advantage from the Accounts of Adults Diagnosed with Autism: A Qualitative Study
TLDR
Hyper focus, attention to detail, and the ability to remember were the abilities that autistic people said benefitted them most often, but autistic adults who were interviewed said although their autistic traits were sometimes helpful, at other times they hindered their progress.
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