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Why Is Climate Sensitivity So Unpredictable?
Uncertainties in projections of future climate change have not lessened substantially in past decades. Both models and observations yield broad probability distributions for long-term increases inExpand
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■ Abstract The influence of surface orography on patterns of precipitation gives rise to some of the most pronounced climate gradients on Earth, and plays a fundamental role in the interactionExpand
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Feedbacks, Timescales, and Seeing Red
Feedback analysis is a powerful tool for studying the Earth system. It provides a formal framework for evaluating the relative importance of different interactions in a dynamical system. As such, itsExpand
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Time-Varying Climate Sensitivity from Regional Feedbacks
AbstractThe sensitivity of global climate with respect to forcing is generally described in terms of the global climate feedback—the global radiative response per degree of global annual mean surfaceExpand
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■ Abstract This paper reviews the Precambrian history of atmospheric oxygen, beginning with a brief discussion of the possible nature and magnitude of life before the evolution of oxygenicExpand
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Controls on the channel width of rivers: Implications for modeling fluvial incision of bedrock
On the basis of the Manning equation and basic mass conser- vation principles, we derive an expression for scaling the steady- state width (W) of river channels as a function of discharge (Q),Expand
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Spatial patterns of precipitation and topography in the Himalaya
Spatial variability in precipitation has received little attention in the study of connections between climate, erosion, and tectonics. However, long-term precipitation patterns show large variationsExpand
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■ Abstract Real-time seismology refers to a practice in which seismic data are collected and analyzed quickly after a significant seismic event, so that the results can be effectively used forExpand
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Effects of orographic precipitation variations on the concavity of steady-state river profiles
The concavity, or curvature, of river profiles has long been taken to be a fundamental indicator of the underlying processes governing fluvial erosion, and thereby of landscape evolution. However,Expand
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Rain-on-snow events impact soil temperatures and affect ungulate survival
[1] Field data from Spitsbergen and numerical modeling reveal that rain-on-snow (ROS) events can substantially increase sub-snowpack soil temperatures. However, ROS events have not previously beenExpand
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