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The mirror-neuron system.
A neurophysiological mechanism appears to play a fundamental role in both action understanding and imitation, and those properties specific to the human mirror-neuron system that might explain the human capacity to learn by imitation are stressed. Expand
Action recognition in the premotor cortex.
It is proposed that mirror neurons form a system for matching observation and execution of motor actions, similar to that of mirror neurons exists in humans and could be involved in recognition of actions as well as phonetic gestures. Expand
Cortical mechanisms of human imitation.
Two areas with activation properties that become active during finger movement, regardless of how it is evoked, and their activation should increase when the same movement is elicited by the observation of an identical movement made by another individual are found. Expand
Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the understanding and imitation of action
Evidence for the existence of a system, the 'mirror system', that seems to serve this mapping function in primates and humans is discussed, and its implications for the understanding and imitation of action are explored. Expand
Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.
It is suggested that the development of the lateral verbal communication system in man derives from a more ancient communication system based on recognition of hand and face gestures. Expand
Parietal Lobe: From Action Organization to Intention Understanding
Inferior parietal lobule neurons were studied when monkeys performed motor acts embedded in different actions and when they observed similar acts done by an experimenter to allow the observer to understand the agent's intentions. Expand
Grasping the Intentions of Others with One's Own Mirror Neuron System
Functional magnetic resonance imaging revealed that premotor mirror neuron areas—areas active during the execution and the observation of an action—previously thought to be involved only in action recognition are actually also involved in understanding the intentions of others. Expand
Action observation activates premotor and parietal areas in a somatotopic manner: an fMRI study.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to localize brain areas that were active during the observation of actions made by another individual. Object- and non-object-related actionsExpand
Motor facilitation during action observation: a magnetic stimulation study.
It is concluded that in humans there is a system matching action observation and execution that resembles the one recently described in the monkey. Expand
Language within our grasp
It is proposed here that an observation/execution matching system provides a necessary bridge from'doing' to'communicating', as the link between actor and observer becomes a link between the sender and the receiver of each message. Expand