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The mirror-neuron system.
A neurophysiological mechanism appears to play a fundamental role in both action understanding and imitation, and those properties specific to the human mirror-neuron system that might explain the human capacity to learn by imitation are stressed.
Action recognition in the premotor cortex.
It is proposed that mirror neurons form a system for matching observation and execution of motor actions, similar to that of mirror neurons exists in humans and could be involved in recognition of actions as well as phonetic gestures.
Cortical mechanisms of human imitation.
- M. Iacoboni, R. Woods, M. Brass, H. Bekkering, J. Mazziotta, G. Rizzolatti
- Psychology, BiologyScience
- 24 December 1999
Two areas with activation properties that become active during finger movement, regardless of how it is evoked, and their activation should increase when the same movement is elicited by the observation of an identical movement made by another individual are found.
Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.
Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the understanding and imitation of action
Evidence for the existence of a system, the 'mirror system', that seems to serve this mapping function in primates and humans is discussed, and its implications for the understanding and imitation of action are explored.
Parietal Lobe: From Action Organization to Intention Understanding
- L. Fogassi, P. Ferrari, B. Gesierich, S. Rozzi, F. Chersi, G. Rizzolatti
- Biology, PsychologyScience
- 29 April 2005
Inferior parietal lobule neurons were studied when monkeys performed motor acts embedded in different actions and when they observed similar acts done by an experimenter to allow the observer to understand the agent's intentions.
Action observation activates premotor and parietal areas in a somatotopic manner: an fMRI study
- G. Buccino, F. Binkofski, H. Freund
- Biology, PsychologyThe European journal of neuroscience
- 1 January 2001
Results bring the previous concept of an action observation/execution matching system (mirror system) into a broader perspective: this system is not restricted to the ventral premotor cortex, but involves several somatotopically organized motor circuits.
Grasping the Intentions of Others with One's Own Mirror Neuron System
- M. Iacoboni, Istvan Molnar-Szakacs, V. Gallese, G. Buccino, J. Mazziotta, G. Rizzolatti
- Psychology, BiologyPLoS biology
- 22 February 2005
Functional magnetic resonance imaging revealed that premotor mirror neuron areas—areas active during the execution and the observation of an action—previously thought to be involved only in action recognition are actually also involved in understanding the intentions of others.
Motor facilitation during action observation: a magnetic stimulation study.
It is concluded that in humans there is a system matching action observation and execution that resembles the one recently described in the monkey.