Norovirus illness is a global problem: emergence and spread of norovirus GII.4 variants, 2001-2007.
Establishing a global NoV network by which data on strains with the potential to cause pandemics can be rapidly exchanged may lead to improved prevention and intervention strategies, and show notable differences in geographic prevalence.
Kobuviruses – a comprehensive review
This review summarises the current knowledge on kobuviruses including taxonomy, biology and viral characteristics, and covers all aspects of infection including epidemiology, clinical picture, host species diversity, laboratory diagnosis and it gives a summary about possible future perspectives.
Candidate New Species of Kobuvirus in Porcine Hosts
- G. Reuter, Á. Boldizsár, I. Kiss, P. Pankovics
- Biology, MedicineEmerging Infectious Diseases
- 1 December 2008
The aim of the study was to detect porcine calicivirus (norovirus and sapovirus) in domestic pigs by using reverse transcription–PCR (RT-PCR) and a new candidate species of kobuvirus was reported.
Complete nucleotide and amino acid sequences and genetic organization of porcine kobuvirus, a member of a new species in the genus Kobuvirus, family Picornaviridae
The complete nucleotide and amino acid sequences and genetic organization of porcine kobuvirus were determined and it was found that it belongs to a potential new species—the third—in the genus Kobuvirus.
Increase in viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Europe and epidemic spread of new norovirus variant
Characterization and zoonotic potential of endemic hepatitis E virus (HEV) strains in humans and animals in Hungary.
Update: proposed reference sequences for subtypes of hepatitis E virus (species Orthohepevirus A)
Although it remains difficult to define strict criteria for distinguishing between virus subtypes, the use of agreed reference sequences will bring clarity and stability to researchers, epidemiologists and clinicians working with HEV.
Increase in norovirus activity reported in Europe.
- A. Kroneman, H. Vennema, M. Koopmans
- MedicineEuro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les…
- 14 December 2006
A large increase in norovirus outbreaks in Hungary and Germany was reported to European national health authorities via the Foodborne Viruses in Europe network
Detection of hepatitis E virus in samples of animal origin collected in Hungary.
Emergence of a novel GII.17 norovirus – End of the GII.4 era?
- M. de Graaf, J. van Beek, M. Koopmans
- BiologyEuro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les…
- 2 July 2015
An overview of the available information on GII.P17-GII.17 norovirus in context of current knowledge on the epidemiology of noroviruses is provided to gain insight in the viral and host characteristics of this norov virus genotype.