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Infrafamilial classifications and characters in Araliaceae: Insights from the phylogenetic analysis of nuclear (ITS) and plastid (trnL-trnF) sequence data
Parsimony and Bayesian-inference analyses suggest that there are three major lineages of Araliaceae, and that these lineages generally correspond with the centers of diversity for the family. Expand
TRIBES AND CLADES WITHIN APIACEAE SUBFAMILY APIOIDEAE : THE CONTRIBUTION OF MOLECULAR DATA
This paper summarizes the results of previously published molecular cladistic analyses and presents a provisional classification of the subfamily Apioideae Drude based on taxonomic congruence among the data sets and the inferred relationship among the tribes and informally recognized major clades within Apioidae is presented. Expand
The Evolution of Araliaceae: A Phylogenetic Analysis Based on ITS Sequences of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA
Phylogenetic analyses of ITS sequence data do not support the widely used traditional division of Araliaceae into three tribes, and topologies suggest that biogeographic radiations into different tropical/subtropical regions and into the north and south temperate regions occurred early in the history of core Arali growers. Expand
Clarification of the relationship beteen Apiaceae and Araliaceae based on matK and rbcL sequence data.
There are two well-defined "families" of Apiaceae and Araliaceae, both of which may have been derived from a lineage (or lineages) or pro-araliads that may still have extant taxa. Expand
Evolution in Apiales: nuclear and chloroplast markers together in (almost) perfect harmony
Results from this study confirm that Apiales comprise five major lineages: core Apiaceae, core Araliaceae, Pittosporaceae, the Mackinlaya group and the Myodocarpus group, and the nature and extent of the polyphyly is confirmed. Expand
Chromosomal evolution in Araliaceae and close relatives
Chromosome numbers of 45 accessions representing 16 genera and 37 species of Araliaceae are herein reported, of which 30 species and seven genera (Apiopetalum, Arthrophyllum, Delarbrea,… Expand
Recent advances in understanding Apiales and a revised classification
A unified picture of relationships has now emerged regarding the delimitation of Apiales, which includes the recognition of the new suborder Apiineae (comprising the four core families) and two new subfamilies within Apiaceae (Azorelloideae and Mackinlayoideae). Expand
The prevalence of introduced Vespula vulgaris wasps in a New Zealand beech forest community.
In honeydew beech forest in the South Island of New Zealand, introduced Vespula vulgaris wasps are now very abundant, and biomass estimates indicate that V. vulgaris biomass is as great as, or greater than combined biomasses of birds, rodents, rodents and stoats. Expand
Phylogenetic Relationships in the Heterosporous Fern Genus Azolla (Azollaceae) Based on DNA Sequence Data from Three Noncoding Regions
DNA sequence data confirm the division of Azolla into two major clades, corresponding to the traditional classification of the genus into sections Azolla and Rhizosperma and the monophyly of A. pinnata plus A. nilotica contradicts newer classifications of the family. Expand
Evolutionary Patterns in Apiaceae: Inferences Based on matK Sequence Data
Topology, along with evidence from morphology, anatomy, geographic distribution, and insertions and deletions in matK sequences, suggests that subfamily Apioideae may have originated in southern Africa from woody, simple-leaved ancestors. Expand