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A highly structured, nuclease-resistant, noncoding RNA produced by flaviviruses is required for pathogenicity.
Noncoding Flavivirus RNA Displays RNA Interference Suppressor Activity in Insect and Mammalian Cells
The results of the present study suggest a novel role for sfRNA, i.e., as a nucleic acid-based regulator of RNAi pathways, a strategy that may be conserved among flaviviruses.
Chikungunya Virus Nonstructural Protein 2 Inhibits Type I/II Interferon-Stimulated JAK-STAT Signaling
It is shown that Chikungunya virus replication is resistant to inhibition by interferon once RNA replication has been established and that CHIKV actively suppresses the antiviral IFN response by preventing IFN-induced gene expression.
Identification of pif-2, a third conserved baculovirus gene required for per os infection of insects.
It is shown that SeMNPV ORFs 15-35 (including genes encoding cathepsin, chitinase, GP37, PTPT-2, EGT, PKIP-1 and ARIF-1) are not essential for virus replication in cell culture or by in vivo intrahaemocoelic injection.
West Nile virus encodes a microRNA-like small RNA in the 3′ untranslated region which up-regulates GATA4 mRNA and facilitates virus replication in mosquito cells
West Nile virus (WNV) belongs to a group of medically important single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses causing deadly disease outbreaks around the world and the 3′ untranslated region (3′-UTR) of the flavivirus genome fulfils multiple functions in virus replication and virus–host interactions.
Noncoding Subgenomic Flavivirus RNA: Multiple Functions in West Nile Virus Pathogenesis and Modulation of Host Responses
Flaviviruses are a large group of positive strand RNA viruses transmitted by arthropods that include many human pathogens such as West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), yellow…
Induction and suppression of tick cell antiviral RNAi responses by tick-borne flaviviruses
The results characterize the antiviral RNAi response in tick cells including phylogenetic analysis of genes encoding antiviral proteins, and viral interference with this pathway, and shows important differences in antiviralRNAi between the two major classes of arbovirus vectors.
Chikungunya Virus nsP3 Blocks Stress Granule Assembly by Recruitment of G3BP into Cytoplasmic Foci
This study reveals a novel role for nsP3 as a regulator of the cellular stress response, to inhibit stress granule assembly by recruiting G3BP into cytoplasmic foci.
Thirty years of baculovirus-insect cell protein expression: from dark horse to mainstream technology.
The purpose of this review is to highlight the thirtieth 'anniversary' of this expression system by summarizing the fundamental research and major technological advances that allowed its development, whilst noting challenges for further improvements.
Vector competence of European mosquitoes for West Nile virus
- C. Vogels, G. P. Göertz, G. Pijlman, C. Koenraadt
- BiologyEmerging microbes & infections
- 1 January 2017
The current knowledge on vector competence of European mosquitoes for WNV is reviewed, and the molecular knowledge on physical barriers, anti-viral pathways and microbes that influence vector competence based on studies with other flaviviruses are reviewed.