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Scaling Up What Works: Experimental Evidence on External Validity in Kenyan Education
The recent wave of randomized trials in development economics has provoked criticisms regarding external validity. We investigate two concerns – heterogeneity across beneficiaries and implementers –
Quality of Medical Care and Choice of Medical Treatment in Kenya An Empirical Analysis
It is found that broad availability of drugs in a medical facility is positively related to medical care use and that health care demand decreases with user fees and with greater distance to the provider, but increases with income.
The Production of Child Health in Kenya: A Structural Model of Birth Weight
It is found that immunization of the mother against tetanus during pregnancy is strongly associated with improvements in birth weight, and birth weight is positively associated with mother's age at first birth and with higher birth orders, with the first born child being substantially lighter than subsequent children.
Determinants of Poverty in Kenya: A Household Level Analysis
Strategies aimed at poverty reduction need to identify factors that are strongly associated with poverty and that are amenable to modification by policy. This article uses household level data
Wage Premiums for Education and Location of South African Workers, by Gender and Race
This paper focuses on wage premiums associated with educational investments and on how wages vary by region and within race and sex subsamples through the use of data from the 1993 Project for
Determinants of health insurance ownership among South African women
Poverty reduction programmes aimed at increasing women's incomes in poor provinces; improving living environment for women in urban informal settlements; enhancing women's access to education; reducing unemployment among women; and increasing effective coverage of family planning services, will empower South African women to reach a higher standard of living and in doing so increase their economic access to health insurance policies and the associated health services.
Labor Unions and the Distribution of Wages and Employment in South Africa
Few countries have higher wage inequality than South Africa, where wages of African and white workers differ by a factor of five. Using survey data collected in 1993, the authors analyze the complex