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Toxigenic Fusarium Species and Mycotoxins Associated with Maize Ear Rot in Europe
Several Fusarium species occurring worldwide on maize as causal agents of ear rot, are capable of producing mycotoxins in infected kernels, some of which have a notable impact on human and animal
Epidemiology of Toxigenic Fungi and their Associated Mycotoxins for Some Mediterranean Crops
Recent data on the epidemiology of the common mycotoxigenic species of Fusarium, Alternaria, Aspergillus and Penicillium in infected or colonized plants, and in stored or processed plant products
Predominance and association of pathogenic fungi causing Fusarium ear blightin wheat in four European countries
TLDR
Two years of field sampling aimed to establish the predominance and association among the fungal pathogens causing Fusarium ear blight (FEB) in four European countries and Log-linear models were used to determine whether there is the independence of the six FEB pathogens at each sampling site.
Relationship between the fungal complex causing Fusarium head blight of wheat and environmental conditions.
TLDR
It is suggested that environmental conditions differentially affect the infection and colonization processes, and the comparative abundance of the six FHB species, as well as the relationship of the incidence and abundance of each species with weather variables.
Multiplex PCR assay for the identification of nivalenol, 3- and 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol chemotypes in Fusarium.
TLDR
The multiplex PCR was successfully used to identify the chemotype of the Fusarium species contaminating wheat kernels, and four picograms of fungal DNA were found to be necessary to obtain a visible amplification product.
Ochratoxin A Production and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis of Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus tubingensis, and Aspergillus niger Strains Isolated from Grapes in Italy
TLDR
Findings indicate that A. tubingensis is able to produce ochratoxin and that, together with A. carbonarius and A. niger, it may be responsible for the ochRatoxin contamination of wine in Italy.
A Species-Specific PCR Assay Based on the Calmodulin Partial Gene for Identification of Fusarium Verticillioides, F. Proliferatum and F. Subglutinans
TLDR
The developed PCR assay should provide a powerful tool for the detection of toxigenic fungi in maize kernels and is confirmed by analyzing DNA of 150 strains of these species, mostly isolated from maize in Europe and USA.
Finding needles in haystacks: linking scientific names, reference specimens and molecular data for Fungi
TLDR
A set of standards and protocols are proposed to improve the data quality of new sequences, and it is suggested how type and other reference sequences can be used to improve identification of Fungi.
New Insight into the Ochratoxin A Biosynthetic Pathway through Deletion of a Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Gene in Aspergillus carbonarius
TLDR
The data provide the first evidence that the enzymatic step adding phenylalanine to polyketide dihydroisocoumarin precedes the chlorination step to form OTA in A. carbonarius and that ochratoxin α is a product of hydrolysis of OTA, giving an interesting new insight into the biosynthetic pathway of the toxin.
Species Diversity of and Toxin Production by Gibberella fujikuroi Species Complex Strains Isolated from Native Prairie Grasses in Kansas
TLDR
The Fusarium community from these grasses appears to contain some species not found in surrounding agricultural communities, including some that probably are undescribed, and could be capable of serving as a reservoir for strains of potential agricultural importance.
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