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An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design
The fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) will produce a state-of-the- art multimodel dataset designed to advance our knowledge of climate variability and climate change.Expand
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The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment
Advances in the science and observation of climate change are providing a clearer understanding of the inherent variability of Earth’s climate system and its likely response to human and naturalExpand
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THE WCRP CMIP3 Multimodel Dataset: A New Era in Climate Change Research
A coordinated set of global coupled climate model [atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM)] experiments for twentieth- and twenty-first-century climate, as well as several climate changeExpand
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Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impacts.
One of the major concerns with a potential change in climate is that an increase in extreme events will occur. Results of observational studies suggest that in many areas that have been analyzed,Expand
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More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century
A global coupled climate model shows that there is a distinct geographic pattern to future changes in heat waves. Model results for areas of Europe and North America, associated with the severe heatExpand
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Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus
The slowdown in global average surface warming has recently been linked to sea surface cooling in the eastern Pacific Ocean. This work shows that strengthening trade winds caused a reduction in theExpand
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A Summary of the CMIP5 Experiment Design
At a September 2008 meeting involving 20 climate modeling groups from around the world (i.e., most of the major groups performing climate change research today), the WCRP’s Working Group on CoupledExpand
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Model-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods
In some decades, such as 2000–2009, the observed globally averaged surface-temperature time series has shown a flat or slightly negative trend. A modelling study provides evidence that heat uptake byExpand
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The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP)
Abstract The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) was established to study and intercompare climate simulations made with coupled ocean–atmosphere–cryosphere–land GCMs. There are two mainExpand
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Contributions of external forcings to Southern Annular Mode trends
Abstract An observed trend in the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) during recent decades has involved an intensification of the polar vortex. The source of this trend is a matter of scientificExpand
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