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Interaction of four monoterpenes contained in essential oils with model membranes: implications for their antibacterial activity.
- M. Cristani, M. D’Arrigo, D. Trombetta
- Biology, ChemistryJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
- 30 June 2007
It is speculated that the antimicrobial effect of thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, and gamma-terpinene may result, partially at least, from a gross perturbation of the lipidic fraction of the plasmic membrane of the microorganism.
Comparative resistance of food proteins to adult and infant in vitro digestion models.
A biochemical model of infant gastroduodenal digestion has been developed, which has reduced levels of protease, phosphatidylcholine and bile salts, compared with the adult model, and showed that ovalbumin and beta-CN were digested more slowly using the infant model compared withThe adult conditions.
Release of protein, lipid, and vitamin E from almond seeds during digestion.
- G. Mandalari, R. Faulks, M. Wickham
- Chemistry, MedicineJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
- 17 April 2008
Almonds were the most digestible with 39, 45, and 44% of lipid, vitamin E, and protein released after duodenal digestion, respectively, and preliminary in vivo studies showed higher percentages of nutrient release.
Anatomical, chemical, and biochemical characterization of cladodes from prickly pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.].
- G. Ginestra, M. Parker, K. Waldron
- Biology, MedicineJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
- 15 October 2009
Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes may retain material tightly associated with cell-wall components, and this property will have the potential to greatly reduce the bioavailability of bioactive compounds.
Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids extracted from bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) peel, a byproduct of the essential oil industry
- G. Mandalari, R. N. Bennett, A. Narbad
- Chemistry, MedicineJournal of applied microbiology
- 1 December 2007
To evaluate the antimicrobial properties of flavonoid‐rich fractions derived from bergamot peel and the influence of enzymatic deglycosylation on their activity against different bacteria and yeast.
Specificity of Infant Digestive Conditions: Some Clues for Developing Relevant In Vitro Models
- C. Bourlieu, O. Ménard, D. Dupont
- Medicine, BiologyCritical reviews in food science and nutrition
- 19 October 2011
This review contains a compilation of the studies which characterized the gastroduodenal conditions in full-term or preterm infants of variable postnatal age from birth up to six months and highlights the interindividual and developmental variability of the digestive conditions in infants.
In vitro digestibility of beta-casein and beta-lactoglobulin under simulated human gastric and duodenal conditions: a multi-laboratory evaluation.
Characterization of polyphenols, lipids and dietary fibre from almond skins (Amygdalus communis L.)
Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of several populations of Algerian Origanum glandulosum Desf.
The addition of the emulsifier Tween 80 to the oil or to the agar markedly decreases the antimicrobial activity of the essential oils against all microbial strains employed, thus suggesting that the antimacterial activity ofthe essential oils is dependent on the physicochemical characteristics of their components and also on the microbial strain employed.
Physiological phosphatidylcholine protects bovine beta-lactoglobulin from simulated gastrointestinal proteolysis.
- G. Mandalari, Alan Mackie, N. Rigby, M. Wickham, E. Mills
- BiologyMolecular nutrition & food research
- 1 May 2009
Data indicate how biomolecular interactions between proteins and lipids may alter patterns of proteolysis and need to be taken into consideration in any in vitro model of digestion.