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Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity
It is argued that human actions are dismantling the Earth’s ecosystems, eliminating genes, species and biological traits at an alarming rate, and the question of how such loss of biological diversity will alter the functioning of ecosystems and their ability to provide society with the goods and services needed to prosper is asked. Expand
Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet
An updated and extended analysis of the planetary boundary (PB) framework and identifies levels of anthropogenic perturbations below which the risk of destabilization of the Earth system (ES) is likely to remain low—a “safe operating space” for global societal development. Expand
PanTHERIA: a species‐level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals
Analyses of life-history, ecological, and geographic trait differences among species, their causes, correlates, and likely consequences are increasingly important for understanding and conservingExpand
Predicting extinction risk in declining species
Using complete phylogenies of contemporary carnivores and primates, the first comparative test is presented showing that high trophic level, low population density, slow life history and small geographical range size are all significantly and independently associated with a high extinction risk in declining species. Expand
Adaptation, Plasticity, and Extinction in a Changing Environment: Towards a Predictive Theory
The authors analyze developmental, genetic, and demographic mechanisms by which populations tolerate changing environments and discuss empirical methods for determining the critical rate of sustainedExpand
Beyond Predictions: Biodiversity Conservation in a Changing Climate
This work introduces a framework that uses information from different sources to identify vulnerability and to support the design of conservation responses, and reviews the insights that different approaches bring to anticipating and managing the biodiversity consequences of climate change. Expand
The IPBES Conceptual Framework - connecting nature and people
The first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is its Conceptual Framework. This conceptual and analytical tool, presented here in detail,Expand
Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores
It is shown, by reviewing the most common live prey in carnivore diets, that there is a striking transition from feeding on small prey to large prey (near predator mass), occurring at predator masses of 21.5–25 kg, and the predicted maximum mass that an invertebrate diet can sustain is predicted. Expand
Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN's system for classifying threatened species.
The process and the technical background to the IUCN Red List system is described, which was designed to measure the symptoms of extinction risk, and uses 5 independent criteria relating to aspects of population loss and decline of range size. Expand
Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multilayered relationship.
Biodiversity has key roles at all levels of the ecosystem service hierarchy: as a regulator of underpinning ecosystem processes, as a final ecosystem service and as a good that is subject to valuation, whether economic or otherwise. Expand