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Bayesian Exploration for Intelligent Identification of Textures
In order to endow robots with human-like abilities to characterize and identify objects, they must be provided with tactile sensors and intelligent algorithms to select, control, and interpret dataExpand
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  • Open Access
Virtual muscle: a computational approach to understanding the effects of muscle properties on motor control
This paper describes a computational approach to modeling the complex mechanical properties of muscles and tendons under physiological conditions of recruitment and kinematics. It is embodied as aExpand
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Measured and modeled properties of mammalian skeletal muscle. II. The effectsof stimulus frequency on force-length and force-velocity relationships
Interactions between physiological stimulus frequencies, fascicle lengths and velocities were analyzed in feline caudofemoralis (CF), a hindlimb skeletal muscle composed exclusively of fast-twitchExpand
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Mechanical properties of aponeurosis and tendon of the cat soleus muscle during whole‐muscle isometric contractions
Recent studies have suggested that the mechanical properties of aponeurosis are not similar to the properties of external tendon. In the present study, the lengths of aponeurosis, tendon, and muscleExpand
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Functionally complex muscles of the cat hindlimb
SummarySeveral cat hindlimb muscles that exhibit differential activation (activity that is restricted to a specific region of muscle) during natural movements were studied to determine the possibleExpand
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  • Open Access
Functionally complex muscles of the cat hindlimb. IV. Intramuscular distribution of movement command signals and cutaneous reflexes in broad, bifunctional thigh muscles
Summary. Similarities between the muscle synergies associated with the flexion reflex and locomotion in reduced preparations have suggested that spinal circuits subserving these two motor tasks mightExpand
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Electromyography for Experimentalists
The technique of electromyography, used to study the electrical currents generated by muscle action, has become invaluable to researchers in the biological, medical, and behavioral sciences. With it,Expand
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A miniature microelectrode array to monitor the bioelectric activity of cultured cells.
Abstract Electrical activity can be recorded extracellularly from contracting heart cells in vitro with the electrodes of 30-element microelectrode arrays built into the culture chambers. The arraysExpand
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Muscle coordination is habitual rather than optimal.
When sharing load among multiple muscles, humans appear to select an optimal pattern of activation that minimizes costs such as the effort or variability of movement. How the nervous system achievesExpand
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Mathematical models of proprioceptors. I. Control and transduction in the muscle spindle.
We constructed a physiologically realistic model of a lower-limb, mammalian muscle spindle composed of mathematical elements closely related to the anatomical components found in the biologicalExpand
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  • Open Access