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  • Influence
Effortful control in early childhood: continuity and change, antecedents, and implications for social development.
The course, antecedents, and implications for social development of effortful control were examined in this comprehensive longitudinal study. Behavioral multitask batteries and parental ratingsExpand
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Inhibitory control in young children and its role in emerging internalization.
We examined inhibitory control as a quality of temperament that contributes to internalization. Children were assessed twice, at 26-41 months (N = 103) and at 43-56 months (N = 99), on repeatedExpand
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Multiple pathways to conscience for children with different temperaments: from toddlerhood to age 5.
This research extends longitudinally findings on child temperament as a moderator of the impact of socialization on conscience development, reported previously for contemporaneous data at toddlerExpand
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Mother‐Child Mutually Positive Affect, the Quality of Child Compliance to Requests and Prohibitions, and Maternal Control as Correlates of Early Internalization
Motivationally distinct forms of child compliance, mutually positive affect, and maternal control, observed in 3 control contexts in 103 dyads of mothers and their 26–41-month-old children, wereExpand
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Mutually responsive orientation between mothers and their young children: implications for early socialization.
  • G. Kochanska
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1 February 1997
Parent-child mutually responsive, binding, reciprocal orientation, or a system of reciprocity has been implicated as fundamental in socialization, particularly by Maccoby, but it remains poorlyExpand
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Effortful control as a personality characteristic of young children: antecedents, correlates, and consequences.
Effortful control, the ability to suppress a dominant response to perform a subdominant response, was assessed in 106 children during early childhood (at 22, 33, and 45 months) using multitaskExpand
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Children's Temperament, Mothers' Discipline, and Security of Attachment: Multiple Pathways to Emerging Internalization
This study examined relations of temperamental fearfulness/anxiety proneness, attachment security, and maternal discipline with emerging internalization in 103 26–41-month-old toddlers. It was aExpand
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The development of self-regulation in the first four years of life.
This study examined longitudinally the development of self-regulation in 108 young children during the first 4 years of life. Children's committed compliance (when they eagerly embraced maternalExpand
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Socialization and temperament in the development of guilt and conscience.
  • G. Kochanska
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1 December 1991
Toddlerhood antecedents of conscience were examined in 58 8-10-year-old children. The measures of conscience, such as general affective/moral orientation, the extent of reparation, and the intensityExpand
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Committed compliance, moral self, and internalization: a mediational model.
  • G. Kochanska
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental psychology
  • 1 May 2002
Previous research has established that children's committed, eager, willing compliance with maternal control promotes moral internalization, whereas their opposition interferes with internalization;Expand
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