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Circulation, mixing, and production of Antarctic Bottom Water
Abstract The Antarctic source of bottom water to the abyssal layer of the World Ocean is examined, as well as its large-scale flow pattern and ultimate entrainment rate into the deep water above. WeExpand
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Expanding Oxygen-Minimum Zones in the Tropical Oceans
Oxygen-poor waters occupy large volumes of the intermediate-depth eastern tropical oceans. Oxygen-poor conditions have far-reaching impacts on ecosystems because important mobile macroorganisms avoidExpand
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Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to Global Heat and Sea Level Rise Budgets*
AbyssalglobalanddeepSouthern Oceantemperature trendsarequantifiedbetweenthe1990sand2000sto assesstheroleofrecentwarmingoftheseregionsin globalheatandsealevelbudgets.Theauthors1)compute warming ratesExpand
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Direct measurements of upper ocean currents and water properties across the tropical Pacific during the 1990s
Abstract Meridional sections of upper ocean zonal currents, potential temperature, and salinity are estimated at ten longitudes from 143°E to 95°W using Conductivity–Temperature–Depth and AcousticExpand
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Ocean oxygen minima expansions and their biological impacts
Climate models with biogeochemical components predict declines in oceanic dissolved oxygen with global warming. In coastal regimes oxygen deficits represent acute ecosystem perturbations. Here, weExpand
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Climate Change 2013. The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Abstract for decision-makers
Foreword Preface Summary for policy makers Technical summary 1. Introduction 2. Observations: atmosphere and surface 3. Observations: ocean 4. Observations: cryosphere 5. Information fromExpand
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On the size of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current
Abstract A model predicted transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) through Drake Passage compares favorably with measured transport through the passage. The model incorporates the widthExpand
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Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty
Global climate change results from a small yet persistent imbalance between the amount of sunlight absorbed by the Earth and the thermal radiation emitted back to space. A revised analysis ofExpand
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Energy budget constraints on climate response
To the Editor — The rate of global mean warming has been lower over the past decade than previously. It has been argued1–5 that this observation might require a downwards revision of estimates ofExpand
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MIMOC: A global monthly isopycnal upper‐ocean climatology with mixed layers
A monthly, isopycnal/mixed-layer ocean climatology (MIMOC), global from 0 to 1950 dbar, is compared with other monthly ocean climatologies. All available quality-controlled profiles of temperatureExpand
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