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Mammoths, Mastodonts, and Elephants: Biology, Behavior and the Fossil Record
Preface Acknowledgements Part I. Proboscidean Flesh and Bones: 1. Taxonomy: classification of fossil and living forms 2. Physical appearance: mammoths, mastodonts, and modern elephants 3. AExpand
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A guide for differentiating mammalian carnivore taxa responsible for gnaw damage to herbivore limb bones
Large cats, canids, bears, and hyenas create distinctive types of damage when they gnaw bones. This paper describes the diagnostic characteristics of damage done by each taxon to femora and tibiae ofExpand
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Management implications of annual growth rings in Pterocarpus angolensis from Zimbabwe
Dendrochronological analyses indicate that Pterocarpus angolensis produces anatomically distinctive annual growth rings in the indigenous forests of western Zimbabwe. Annual growth rings in P.Expand
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Evidence of carnivore gnawing on Pleistocene and Recent mammalian bones
Based on inspection of gnawing damage done to bones of modern prey animals, sets of typical damage types or patterns are recognized for certain elements. The presence of these damage patternsExpand
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Drought mortality of bush elephants in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe
African bush elephants inhabiting the undeveloped Kalahari Sands region of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe are subject to episodic mortality during droughts. We monitored the drought-related mortalityExpand
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Utilization and Skeletal Disturbances of North American Prey Carcasses
More than 125 carcasses and skeletal remains of wild bison, moose, and whitetail deer were examined in the field. Most were from closely documented episodes of predation, mass drownings, or otherExpand
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Frequencies of Spiral and Green-Bone Fractures on Ungulate Limb Bones in Modern Surface Assemblages
During observational fieldwork in undisturbed ranges of free-roaming bison and moose, I have identified approximately 8% of surface bones as spirally or green-fractured due to documented carnivoreExpand
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The catastrophic extinction of North American mammoths and mastodonts
Archaeological and theoretical evidence reviewed here indicates that Clovis-era foragers exterminated mammoths and mastodonts in North America around 11,000 radiocarbon years ago. The processExpand
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The Structure of the Lower Pleistocene Archaeological Record: A Case Study From the Koobi Fora Formation [and Comments and Reply]
Since the late igth century archaeologists have struggled to understand the behavioural significance of material remains surviving from the distant reaches of time. A study of the archaeologicalExpand
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The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era
Part I. Fluted Points and the Peopling of the Americas: 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Fin de siecle paradigm-busting, or what's at stake in the debate about the colonizing of North America? 1.3. How doExpand
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