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The Ecology of Chitin Degradation
Chitin is the (1→4)-β-linked homopolymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (Fig. 1). The individual polymer chains can be thought of as helices, as each sugar unit is inverted with respect to its neighbors.
Physiology of microbial degradation of chitin and chitosan
Chitin is produced in enormous quantities in the biosphere, chiefly as the major structural component of most fungi and invertebrates. Its degradation is chiefly by bacteria and fungi, by
Liquefaction of Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus-infected insects is dependent on the integrity of virus-encoded chitinase and cathepsin genes.
The role of the Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV)-encoded chitinase in virus pathogenesis in Trichoplusia ni larvae is examined, demonstrating that despite 57% sequence identity, the two proteins have distinct enzymic activities.
Molecular Analysis of a Bacterial Chitinolytic Community in an Upland Pasture
The findings suggest that sewage sludge increases the fertility of the soil in terms of chitinase activity and suggests that actinobacteria have an important chitinolytic function in this soil ecosystem.
Kluyveromyces lactis toxin has an essential chitinase activity.
It is reported that the Kluyveromyces lactis toxin, a protein containing three subunits (alpha, beta and gamma) which causes sensitive yeast cells to arrest proliferation in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, is a potent exochitinase.
Growth kinetics and morphology of colonies of the filamentous form of Candida albicans.
  • N. Gow, G. Gooday
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of general microbiology
  • 1 September 1982
From these results it is concluded that filamentous growth of C. albicans in this medium is best described as truly mycelial.
Structure and regulation of the Candida albicans ADH1 gene encoding an immunogenic alcohol dehydrogenase
Alcohol dehydrogenase levels did not correlate closely with ADH1 mRNA levels under the growth conditions studied, suggesting either that this locus is controlled at both transcriptional and post‐transcriptional levels, or that other differentially regulated ADH loci exist in C. albicans.
A rapid and sensitive microassay for determination of chitinolytic activity
Abstract A rapid and sensitive assay for chitinolytic activity has been developed on a micro-scale. This assay is based on the use of fluorogenic 4-methylumbelliferone glycosides of N
Identification and preliminary characterization of a chitinase gene in the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus genome.
Phylogenetic analyses indicate that AcMNPV, or an ancestral baculovirus, acquired the chitinase gene from a bacterium via horizontal gene transfer.
Apical hyphal extension in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2).
The surface stress theory was successfully applied to hyphal tip growth, with tip shape related qualitatively to the inverse of surface tension within the wall of the extension zone and inversely proportional to the rate of incorporation of tritiated GlcNAc.