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Risk factors for gastroschisis.
Smoking during pregnancy is a plausible risk factor that should be examined further as an explanation of the apparently increasing prevalence at birth of gastroschisis in developed nations. Expand
Effect of HIV infection on the natural history of anal human papillomavirus infection
Risk of anal HPV infection appears to increase with sexual exposure, epithelial trauma, HIV infection and immune deficiency, and further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism by which HIV DNA in the anal canal increases the risk of HPV persistence. Expand
Overcoming Barriers to HIV Testing: Preferences for New Strategies Among Clients of a Needle Exchange, a Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic, and Sex Venues for Men Who Have Sex with Men
Options for rapid testing, urine testing, and home self‐testing; providing alternatives to venipuncture; making pretest counseling optional; and allowing telephone results disclosure may encourage more persons to learn their HIV status. Expand
Moving from apprehension to action: HIV counseling and testing preferences in three at-risk populations.
Traditional HIV testing presents barriers to some populations at risk for HIV, and several strategies to improve HIV test acceptance are suggested: acknowledge fears, address system barriers, utilize available test technologies, and expand counseling options. Expand
Prospective study of high grade anal squamous intraepithelial neoplasia in a cohort of homosexual men: influence of HIV infection, immunosuppression, and human papillomavirus infection
The association of HG-AIN with HIV, independent of HPV type, level of HPV detection, and number of positive HPV tests, suggests that this increased risk cannot be entirely explained by an effect of HIV on HPV detection. Expand
HIV serostatus disclosure among gay and bisexual men in four American cities: general patterns and relation to sexual practices.
Analysis of patterns of serostatus disclosure among previously untested HIV-seropositive and HIV-Seronegative gay and bisexual men recruited from four American cities found that HIV serstatus was disclosed less frequently to family members, co-workers, and non-primary sex partners. Expand
Choosing HIV Counseling and Testing Strategies for Outreach Settings: A Randomized Trial
Making counseling optional increased testing at the needle exchange but not at the bathhouses, and oral fluid testing and rapid blood testing at both outreach venues resulted in significantly more people receiving test results compared with traditional HIV testing. Expand
Differences in Risk Behavior and Sources of AIDS Information Among Gay, Bisexual, and Straight-Identified Men Who Have Sex with Men
At public sex environments in four U.S. cities, 1,369 men who have sex with men (MSM) were asked about sexual self-identification, recent HIV risk behaviors, and exposures to HIV information. Half ofExpand
Access to regular HIV care and disease progression among black African immigrants.
There were significant differences across the groups in residence at time of HIV diagnosis, gender, HIV transmission category, and initial CD4 count, which underscore the need for health interventions promoting HIV testing among black African immigrants and reducing barriers to HIV testing. Expand
Developing, implementing, and evaluating a condom promotion program targeting sexually active adolescents.
The Condom Campaign, a 1995 HIV prevention program promoting condom use among sexually active adolescents in three King County, Washington, urban communities, was evaluated through a series of cross-sectional interviews conducted. Expand