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Evaluation of the bank stability and toe erosion model (BSTEM) for predicting lateral retreat on composite streambanks
Abstract Streambank erosion is known to be a major source of sediment in streams and rivers. The Bank Stability and Toe Erosion Model (BSTEM) was developed in order to predict streambank retreat due
Trapping phosphorus in runoff with a phosphorus removal structure.
Phosphorus was removed more efficiently during low flow rate irrigation events with a high retention time than during high flow rate rainfall Events with a low retention time, suggesting the need for an overall model that can predict structure performance based on individual material properties.
A Scour Depth Approach for Deriving Erodibility Parameters from Jet Erosion Tests
Abstract. Typically the erosion rate of cohesive soils is modeled using the excess shear stress equation, which includes two soil parameters: the erodibility coefficient (k d ) and the critical shear
Effectiveness of vegetative filter strips in reducing pesticide loading: quantifying pesticide trapping efficiency.
An empirical model based on infiltration and sediment reduction, the phase distribution factor, and the percent clay content outperformed existing filter strip width equations and improved predictions of pesticide trapping over empirical equations based solely on physical VFS characteristics.
Modeling streambank erosion and failure along protected and unprotected composite streambanks
Abstract Streambank retreat can be a significant contributor to total sediment and nutrient loading to streams. Process-based bank stability models, such as the Bank Stability and Toe Erosion Model
Subsurface transport of phosphorus in riparian floodplains: influence of preferential flow paths.
The potential for nutrient subsurface transport shown by this alluvial system has implications regarding management of similar riparian floodplain systems.
The Role of Subsurface Flow in Hillslope and Stream Bank Erosion: A Review
Sediment is one of the most common causes of stream impairment. Great progress has been made in understanding the processes of soil erosion due to surface runoff and incorporating these in prediction
Measuring streambank erosion due to ground water seepage: correlation to bank pore water pressure, precipitation and stream stage
Limited information exists on one of the mechanisms governing sediment input to streams: streambank erosion by ground water seepage. The objective of this research was to demonstrate the importance
Chlorpyrifos and atrazine removal from runoff by vegetated filter strips: experiments and predictive modeling.
This research investigated the effect of drainage area ratio and flow concentration on pesticide removal efficiency of a VFS and used these data to provide further field verification of a recently proposed numerical/empirical modeling procedure for predicting removal efficiency under variable flow conditions.
Hyporheic and total transient storage in small, sand-bed streams
Key processes in stream ecosystems are linked to hydraulic retention, which is the departure of stream flow from ideal ‘plug flow’, and reflects fluid movement through surface and hyporheic storage