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The ecology of Myrmica ants in relation to the conservation of Maculinea butterflies
Maculinea butterflies in Europe, and probably most of Asia, are host specific social parasites of various species of Myrmica ants. The latest summary of field data showing the pattern of hostExpand
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Host specificity among Maculinea butterflies in Myrmica ant nests
SummaryEcological studies have been made of all 5 European species of Maculinea. These confirm that M. nausithous and M. rebeli live underground in Myrmica ant nests for 10 months of the year, as hasExpand
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Chemical mimicry and host specificity in the butterfly Maculinea rebeli, a social parasite of Myrmica ant colonies
Although it has always been assumed that chemical mimicry and camouflage play a major role in the penetration of ant societies by social parasites, this paper provides the first direct evidence forExpand
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Higher productivity at the cost of increased host‐specificity when Maculinea butterfly larvae exploit ant colonies through trophallaxis rather than by predation
Abstract.1. Field studies were made of the benefits and costs of two feeding strategies in the genus Maculinea, whose final‐instar larvae parasitise Myrmica ant colonies. Maculinea arion is anExpand
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When rare species become endangered: cryptic speciation in myrmecophilous hoverflies
The myrmecophilous hoverfly, Microdon mutabilis, is listed as a ‘Rare’ or ‘Nationally Notable Species’ in UK Red Data Books. As an obligate social parasite, feeding only from ant colonies, itsExpand
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Changes in Chemical Signature and Host Specificity from Larval Retrieval to Full Social Integration in the Myrmecophilous Butterfly Maculinea rebeli
The ant social parasite, Maculinea rebeli shows high levels of host specificity at a regional scale. While 68–88% of caterpillars in the field are adopted by nonhost Myrmica ants, 95–100% of theExpand
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Polymorphic growth in larvae of the butterfly Maculinea rebeli, a social parasite of Myrmica ant colonies
Caterpillars of Maculinea rebeli have two growth strategies for living underground as social parasites of Myrmica ant colonies. Laboratory experiments and field data show that 25% of caterpillarsExpand
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Larvae of Maculinea rebeli, a large‐blue butterfly, and their Myrmica host ants: wild adoption and behaviour in ant‐nests
The behavioural interactions between caterpillars of Maculinea rebeli Hir. and their Myrmica ant hosts were studied, both in the wild at the time of adoption, and inside captive nests of six MyrmicaExpand
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Interspecific differences in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of Myrmica ants are sufficiently consistent to explain host specificity by Maculinea (large blue) butterflies
The chemical signatures on the cuticles of five common Myrmica ant species were analysed (49 colonies of M.rubra, M.ruginodis, M.sabuleti, M.scabrinodis and M.schencki), each ant being the specificExpand
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