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The life course as developmental theory.
  • G. Elder
  • Psychology
    Child development
  • 1 February 1998
The pioneering longitudinal studies of child development were extended well beyond childhood and eventually followed their young study members up to the middle years and later life, generating issues that could not be addressed satisfactorily by available theories.
The Emergence and Development of Life Course Theory
Today, the life course perspective is perhaps the pre-eminent theoretical orientation in the study of lives, but this has not always been the case. The life histories and future trajectories of
Time, human agency, and social change: perspectives on the life course
The life course has emerged over the past 30 years as a major research paradigm. Distinctive themes include the relation between human lives and a changing society, the timing of lives, linked or
A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys.
The emotions and behaviors of both mothers and fathers were almost equally affected by financial difficulties, and disruptions in each parent's child-rearing behaviors had adverse consequences for adolescent development.
Linking economic hardship to marital quality and instability.
Utilizing a sample of 76 white middle-class couples from a rural midwestern county in the US this study examines 2 central propositions: 1)the negative impact of economic hardship on a spouses
Economic stress, coercive family process, and developmental problems of adolescents.
A model of family conflict and coercion that links economic stress in family life to adolescent symptoms of internalizing and externalizing emotions and behaviors and applied equally well to the behavior of mothers and fathers, as well as sons and daughters is proposed.
Trajectories of Stressful Life Events and Depressive Symptoms during Adolescence.
This 4-year longitudinal study of 191 girls and 185 boys living in intact Camilies in the rural Midwest examines the trajectories of life events and depressive symptoms in adolescence. The
The Life Course and Human Development.
The life course paradigm has replaced child-based, growth-oriented (“ontogenetic”) accounts of the person with models that emphasize the timing, social context, and organization of lives from birth
Children of the Great Depression: Social Change in Life Experience
  • G. Elder
  • Psychology, Economics
  • 1 September 1999
Crisis And Adaptation: An Introduction * The Depression Experience * Adaptations to Economic Deprivation Coming Of Age In The Depression * Economic Deprivation and Family Status * Children in the
Couple resilience to economic pressure.
Research empirically evaluated the family stress model of economic stress influences on marital distress and extended the model to include specific interactional characteristics of spouses hypothesized to protect against economic pressure, providing support for the basic mediational model.