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Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features
The results show that global conservation targets based on area alone will not optimize protection of marine biodiversity, and more emphasis is needed on better MPA design, durable management and compliance to ensure that MPAs achieve their desired conservation value. Expand
Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management
Native oyster reefs once dominated many estuaries, ecologically and economically. Centuries of resource extraction exacerbated by coastal degradation have pushed oyster reefs to the brink ofExpand
Decadal trends in marine reserves reveal differential rates of change in direct and indirect effects
Populations of directly targeted species were more stable in reserves than in fished areas, suggesting increased ecologic resilience, an important benefit of marine reserves with respect to their function as a tool for conservation and restoration. Expand
The use of the size structure of benthic macrofaunal communities to estimate faunal biomass and secondary production
A new method of estimating the secondary production of benthic macrofaunal communities based on the use of the general equations described above is outlined, applicable to marine and estuarine species living in water temperatures of 5–30°C. Expand
One-Third of Reef-Building Corals Face Elevated Extinction Risk from Climate Change and Local Impacts
The Caribbean has the largest proportion of corals in high extinction risk categories, whereas the Coral Triangle has the highest proportion of species in all categories of elevated extinction risk. Expand
Climate change cascades: Shifts in oceanography, species' ranges and subtidal marine community dynamics in eastern Tasmania
Important knowledge gaps are identified that need to be addressed to adequately understand, anticipate and adapt to future climate-driven changes in marine systems in the region. Expand
Global patterns in the impact of marine herbivores on benthic primary producers.
It is shown that grazing impacts on plant abundance are better predicted by producer traits than by large-scale variation in habitat or mean temperature, and that there is a previously unrecognised degree of phylogenetic conservatism in producer susceptibility to consumption. Expand
The influence of plant structure on the species richness, biomass and secondary production of macrofaunal assemblages associated with Western Australian seagrass beds
The faunas associated with artificial seagrass clumps placed in three habitats at each site showed similar patterns of species richness, with significant differences between habitats and between sites but with no site—habitat interaction. Expand
Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago
The Galapagos archipelago can be separated into three major biogeographical areas, two of which can be further subdivided into two regions and each of these five bioregions possesses communities characterized by a distinctive mix of species derived from Indo-Pacific, Panamic, Peruvian and endemic source areas. Expand