EFNS guidelines on the pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain: 2010 revision
This second European Federation of Neurological Societies Task Force aimed at updating the existing evidence about the pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain since 2005.
Silent period evoked by transcranial stimulation of the human cortex and cervicomedullary junction.
The findings indicate that the first 50 ms of the silent period after TCS are produced mainly by spinal mechanisms such as after‐hyperpolarization and recurrent inhibition of the spinal motoneurones and if descending inhibitory fibres contribute, their contribution is small.
Recommendations for the clinical use of somatosensory-evoked potentials
The lower limb flexion reflex in humans
AAN‐EFNS guidelines on trigeminal neuralgia management
- G. Cruccu, G. Gronseth, J. Zakrzewska
- Medicine, PsychologyEuropean Journal of Neurology
- 1 October 2008
Carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine should be offered as first‐line treatment for pain control and microvascular decompression may be considered over other surgical techniques to provide the longest duration of pain freedom in patients with TN.
EFNS guidelines on pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain
Evaluated trials provide level A evidence for the efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants, gabapentin, pregabalin and opioids, with a large number of class I trials, followed by topical lidocaine and the newer antidepressants venlafaxine and duloxetine.
NeuPSIG guidelines on neuropathic pain assessment
European Academy of Neurology guideline on trigeminal neuralgia
The European Academy of Neurology asked an expert panel to develop recommendations for a series of questions that are essential for daily clinical management of patients with TN.
EFNS guidelines on neurostimulation therapy for neuropathic pain
These chronically implanted techniques provide satisfactory pain relief in many patients, including those resistant to medication or other means, and are suitable as preliminary or add‐on therapies.
A grading system of definite, probable, and possible neuropathic pain is proposed, which includes the grade possible, which can only be regarded as a working hypothesis, and the grades probable and definite, which require confirmatory evidence from a neurologic examination.