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Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life
Flies are one of four superradiations of insects (along with beetles, wasps, and moths) that account for the majority of animal life on Earth. Diptera includes species known for their ubiquity (MuscaExpand
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Phylogenetics and temporal diversification of the earliest true flies (Insecta: Diptera) based on multiple nuclear genes
Abstract Relationships among families of the lower Diptera (formerly suborder ‘Nematocera’) have been exceptionally difficult to resolve. Multiple hypotheses based on morphology have been proposed toExpand
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The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence
Members of the megadiverse insect order Diptera (flies) have successfully colonized all continents and nearly all habitats. There are more than 154 000 described fly species, representing 10–12% ofExpand
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Phylogeny and systematics of Diptera: Two decades of progress and prospects
The Diptera, or true flies (mosquitoes, gnats, and house flies) comprise 12-15% of animal species, and are the most ecologically diverse order of insects, spanning ecological roles from detritivoryExpand
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Phylogenetic synthesis of morphological and molecular data reveals new insights into the higher‐level classification of Tipuloidea (Diptera)
Tipuloidea, the crane flies, are a diverse lineage of true flies (Insecta: Diptera) whose phylogenetic classification and taxonomy remain a challenge. Here we present the results of a quantitativeExpand
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Next-Generation Field Guides
TLDR
We review next-generation field guides, including Web-based and stand-alone applications, interactive multiple-access keys, visual-recognition software adapted to identify organisms, species checklists that can be customized to particular sites, online communities in which people share species observations, and the use of crowdsourced data to refine machine-based identification algorithms. Expand
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Cuticular morphology of larval mountain midges (Diptera : Deuterophlebiidae) : implications for the phylogenetic relationships of Nematocera
The cuticular structure of larval mountain midges (Diptera: Deuterophlebiidae) is described, with emphasis on cranial and mouthpart morphology. Homologies are suggested for musculature and externalExpand
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Biosystematics of the Nymphomyiidae (Insecta: Diptera) : life history, morphology, and phylogenetic relationships
Courtney, Gregory W. Biosystematics of the Nymphomyiidae (Insecta: Diptera): Life History, Morphology, and Phylogenetic Relationships. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, number 550, 41 pages, 98Expand
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Revision of Nearctic mountain midges (Diptera: Deuterophlebiidae)
Previously undescribed character systems are evaluated and incorporated in a redescription of the genus Deuterophlebia Edwards (Diptera: Deuterophlebiidae). Nearctic species of mountain midges areExpand
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Phylogenetic analysis of the Blephariceromorpha, with special reference to mountain midges (Diptera: Deuterophlebiidae)
Abstract. A cladistic analysis of the Blephariceromorpha (here including the Nymphomyiidae, Deuterophlebiidae and Blephariceridae) and related Diptera provides a test of the phylogenetic hypothesesExpand
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