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The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity.
CONTEXT Overweight and obesity are increasing dramatically in the United States and most likely contribute substantially to the burden of chronic health conditions. OBJECTIVE To describe theExpand
Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women.
OBJECTIVE To examine prospectively the relationship between glycemic diets, low fiber intake, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING In 1986, a total ofExpand
Reproducibility and validity of an expanded self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire among male health professionals.
The authors assessed the reproducibility and validity of an expanded 131-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire used in a prospective study among 51,529 men. The form was administered byExpand
A genome-wide association study identifies alleles in FGFR2 associated with risk of sporadic postmenopausal breast cancer
We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of breast cancer by genotyping 528,173 SNPs in 1,145 postmenopausal women of European ancestry with invasive breast cancer and 1,142 controls. WeExpand
Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women.
We examine the relationship between various sedentary behaviors, especially prolonged television (TV) watching, and risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in women in the Nurses' Health Study. Expand
Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States.
This study was undertaken to update and revise the estimate of the economic impact of obesity in the United States. A prevalence-based approach to the cost of illness was used to estimate theExpand
Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
OBJECTIVE Intake of carbohydrates that provide a large glycemic response has been hypothesized to increase the risk of NIDDM, whereas dietary fiber is suspected to reduce incidence. These hypothesesExpand
Obesity, Fat Distribution, and Weight Gain as Risk Factors for Clinical Diabetes in Men
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation between obesity, fat distribution, and weight gain through adulthood and the risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes melli-tus (NIDDM). RESEARCH DESIGN ANDExpand
Weight Gain as a Risk Factor for Clinical Diabetes Mellitus in Women
The 1990 guidelines for adult weight published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture [1] recommend higher weights than previous standards. In particular, the guidelines for increased weight (about 7Expand
Diet quality and major chronic disease risk in men and women: moving toward improved dietary guidance.
BACKGROUND Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, measured with the US Department of Agriculture Healthy Eating Index (HEI), was associated with only a small reduction in major chronicExpand