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Cyanobacterial toxins: risk management for health protection.
This paper reviews the occurrence and properties of cyanobacterial toxins, with reference to the recognition and management of the human health risks which they may present. Mass populations ofExpand
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Diverse taxa of cyanobacteria produce beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine, a neurotoxic amino acid.
Cyanobacteria can generate molecules hazardous to human health, but production of the known cyanotoxins is taxonomically sporadic. For example, members of a few genera produce hepatotoxicExpand
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Extraction and high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of microcystins in raw and treated waters.
Increasing concern over the presence of microcystins (cyanobacterial/blue-green algal hepatotoxins) in water supplies has emphasized the need for a suitable analytical method. As many microcystinsExpand
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Identification of an enzymatically formed glutathione conjugate of the cyanobacterial hepatotoxin microcystin-LR: the first step of detoxication.
Cyanobacterial toxins have adverse effects on mammals, birds and fish and are being increasingly recognised as a potent stress factor and health hazard factor in aquatic ecosystems. Microcystins,Expand
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Effects of Light on the Microcystin Content of Microcystis Strain PCC 7806
ABSTRACT Many cyanobacteria produce microcystins, hepatotoxic cyclic heptapeptides that can affect animals and humans. The effects of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) on microcystinExpand
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Hyperspectral remote sensing of cyanobacterial pigments as indicators for cell populations and toxins in eutrophic lakes
Abstract The growth of mass populations of toxin-producing cyanobacteria is a serious concern for the ecological status of inland waterbodies and for human and animal health. In this study weExpand
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Cyanobacterial toxins, exposure routes and human health
The production of potent toxins by bloom-, scum- and mat-forming cyanobacteria, in fresh-, brackish and marine waters, appears to be a global phenomenon. Cyanobacterial toxins can also be produced byExpand
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Uptake and effects of microcystin‐LR on detoxication enzymes of early life stages of the zebra fish (Danio rerio)
The effects of cyanotoxins on fish have been studied mainly in adults, rather than in early life stages which could be more sensitive or, in view of their immobility, more readily affected. TheExpand
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