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Defaunation in the Anthropocene
We live amid a global wave of anthropogenically driven biodiversity loss: species and population extirpations and, critically, declines in local species abundance. Particularly, human impacts onExpand
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Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction
Humans are causing a massive animal extinction without precedent in 65 million years. The oft-repeated claim that Earth’s biota is entering a sixth “mass extinction” depends on clearly demonstratingExpand
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Multiple ecological pathways to extinction in mammals
As human population and resource demands continue to grow, biodiversity conservation has never been more critical. About one-quarter of all mammals are in danger of extinction, and more than half ofExpand
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Global mammal distributions, biodiversity hotspots, and conservation
Hotspots, which have played a central role in the selection of sites for reserves, require careful rethinking. We carried out a global examination of distributions of all nonmarine mammals toExpand
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Biological annihilation via the ongoing sixth mass extinction signaled by vertebrate population losses and declines
Significance The strong focus on species extinctions, a critical aspect of the contemporary pulse of biological extinction, leads to a common misimpression that Earth’s biota is not immediatelyExpand
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Mammal Population Losses and the Extinction Crisis
The disappearance of populations is a prelude to species extinction. No geographically explicit estimates have been made of current population losses of major indicator taxa. Here we compare historicExpand
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The Prairie Dog and Biotic Diversity
Since the turn of this century, prairie dog populations have declined as much as 98% throughout North America, largely as a result of prairie dog eradication programs. The prairie dog is a keystoneExpand
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One hundred questions of importance to the conservation of global biological diversity.
We identified 100 scientific questions that, if answered, would have the greatest impact on conservation practice and policy. Representatives from 21 international organizations, regional sectionsExpand
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Countryside Biogeography of Neotropical Mammals: Conservation Opportunities in Agricultural Landscapes of Costa Rica
The future of mammalian diversity in the tropics depends largely on the conservation value of human-dominated lands. We investigated the distribution of non-flying mammals in five habitats ofExpand
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Global associations between terrestrial producer and vertebrate consumer diversity
In both ecology and conservation, often a strong positive association is assumed between the diversity of plants as primary producers and that of animals, specifically primary consumers. Such aExpand
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