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Associative and propositional processes in evaluation: an integrative review of implicit and explicit attitude change.
An integrative review of the available evidence on implicit and explicit attitude change that is guided by a distinction between associative and propositional processes is provided.
Social cognition: thinking categorically about others.
The emphasis in this chapter is on the cognitive dynamics of categorical social perception, and how integrative models of cognitive functioning may inform the understanding of categorically social perception.
Stereotypes as Judgmental Heuristics: Evidence of Circadian Variations in Discrimination
The question of when people rely on stereotypic preconceptions in judging others was investigated in two studies. As a person's motivation or ability to process information systematically is
Happiness and stereotypic thinking in social judgment.
Four experiments examined the effects of happiness on the tendency to use stereotypes in social judgment. In each experiment, individuals who had been induced to feel happy rendered more stereotypic
Out of mind but back in sight: Stereotypes on the rebound
For a variety of reasons, social perceivers may often attempt to actively inhibit stereotypic thoughts before their effects impinge on judgment and behavior. However, research on the psychology of
The Associative–Propositional Evaluation Model: Theory, Evidence, and Open Questions
Abstract A central theme in contemporary psychology is the distinction between implicit and explicit evaluations. Research has shown various dissociations between the two kinds of evaluations,
Negative affect and social judgment: The differential impact of anger and sadness
The overwhelming majority of research on affect and social information processing has focused on the judgments and memories of people in good or bad moods rather than examining more specific kinds of
Emotions, Arousal, and Stereotypic Judgments: A Heuristic Model of Affect and Stereotyping
Publisher Summary The heuristic view of stereotyping emphasizes that people use their oversimplified beliefs about social groups as a basis for responding to the members of those groups whenever
Stereotypic biases in social decision making and memory: testing process models of stereotype use.
  • G. Bodenhausen
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 November 1988
Two information-processing mechanisms that could potentially contribute to judgmental discrimination against the members of stereotyped social groups were examined in two experiments, using a mock juror decision-making task and supported the general notion that stereotype-based discrimination emerges from biased evidence processing.
Ambiguity in Social Categorization
Implicit prejudice (but not explicit prejudice) was related to increased sensitivity to the targets' facial expressions, regardless of whether prejudice was measured after (Study 1) or before (Study 2) the race categorizations were made.