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Early‐life determinants of overweight and obesity: a review of systematic reviews
The aim of this paper was to review the evidence for early‐life (from conception to 5 years of age) determinants of obesity. The design is review of published systematic reviews. Data sourcesExpand
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Measures of frailty in population-based studies: an overview
BackgroundAlthough research productivity in the field of frailty has risen exponentially in recent years, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the measurement of this syndrome. This overviewExpand
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Effect of breast feeding on intelligence in children: prospective study, sibling pairs analysis, and meta-analysis
Abstract Objective To assess the importance of maternal intelligence, and the effect of controlling for it and other important confounders, in the link between breast feeding and children'sExpand
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Job strain as a risk factor for coronary heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data
Summary Background Published work assessing psychosocial stress (job strain) as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is inconsistent and subject to publication bias and reverse causation bias. WeExpand
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Adherence to healthy dietary guidelines and future depressive symptoms: evidence for sex differentials in the Whitehall II study1234
Background: It has been suggested that dietary patterns are associated with future risk of depressive symptoms. However, there is a paucity of prospective data that have examined the temporality ofExpand
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Influence of individual and combined health behaviors on total and cause-specific mortality in men and women: the United Kingdom health and lifestyle survey.
BACKGROUND Physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption have been shown to be related to mortality. We examined prospectively the individual and combined influence of these risk factorsExpand
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Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: systematic review.
PURPOSE Studies of middle-aged and particularly older-aged adults found that those with higher scores on tests of IQ (cognitive function) had lower rates of later mortality. Interpretation of suchExpand
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Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies.
This overview, based on a literature review and new data from the three cohorts (Whitehall Studies I and II, and the Vietnam Experience Study), has four objectives: (a) to outline the majorExpand
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Body mass index, waist circumference and waist–hip ratio: which is the better discriminator of cardiovascular disease mortality risk? Evidence from an individual‐participant meta‐analysis of 82 864
Few studies have examined both the relative magnitude of association and the discriminative capability of multiple indicators of obesity with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk. We conductedExpand
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Intelligence and Personality as Predictors of Illness and Death
This monograph describes research findings linking intelligence and personality traits with health outcomes, including health behaviors, morbidity, and mortality. The field of study of intelligenceExpand
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