G van Maele-Fabry

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Mouse embryos displaying 8 to 9 pairs of somites were cultured during 26 h in presence of 0.75 mM of VPA, or of 1 mM of 4-en-VPA. These concentrations induced approximately 50% of dysmorphogenic embryos. Irregular suture of caudal neural tube, abnormal head shape, cranial neural tube defects, and deformed optic vesicles were the most common defects observed(More)
The expression domain of Otx2, a gene essential for the development of the fore- and midbrain, has previously been shown to be affected by exposure to all-trans-retinoic acid (AT-RA). However, morphological abnormalities of the fore- and midbrain induced by exposure of early somite-stage embryos to AT-RA were not associated with abnormal Otx2 expression. To(More)
Yolk sacs of postimplantation mouse embryos were cultured in a mixture of human and rat sera. The central nervous system of these cultured normal embryos was studied from the stage of 5-9 somites (approximately 8.5 postcoital days) to 20-21 somites (approximately 9.5 postcoital days) and compared with in vivo embryos at the same stages. This developmental(More)
Exposure of embryos to an excess of retinoic acid (RA) modifies the spatio-temporal pattern of expression of developmental genes. RA regulates the expression of target genes through binding of the retinoid nuclear receptors (RARs and RXRs), as heterodimers, to regulatory cis-acting elements. COUP-TF factors, which are able to dimerize with the RXRs and to(More)
Prenatal valproic acid (VPA) exposure results in neural tube defects and in the fetal valproate syndrome (FVS), associated with developmental delay. In the present study we investigate the alterations induced by VPA and one of its metabolite, 4-en-VPA, on specific neural structures: branchial nerves and ganglia. This study was performed on 8-9 pairs of(More)
A precise framework of morphological developmental events observed macroscopically in early postimplantation mouse embryos aged 8-10 days (0-30 somites) is established. The quantitative evolution of the developmental score of 16 features as a function of the developmental stage of the embryos (expressed in number of somites) is presented. Thirty-one groups(More)
An immunostaining technique using monoclonal antibodies to a neurofilament protein has allowed us to visualize defects in the development of cranial nerves and ganglia of 10 to 10.5 days mouse embryos following exposure to ethanol in whole embryo culture. Reference patterns for development of cranial nerves and ganglia of control mouse embryos explanted and(More)
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