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During an 8-year study period, Arcobacter butzleri was the fourth most common Campylobacter-like organism isolated from 67,599 stool specimens. Our observations suggest that A. butzleri displays microbiologic and clinical features similar to those of Campylobacter jejuni; however, A. butzleri is more frequently associated with a persistent, watery diarrhea.
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the immune reconstitution in HIV-1-infected children in whom highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) controlled viral replication and to assess the existence of a relation between the magnitude of this restoration and age. METHODS All HIV-1-infected children in whom a new HAART decreased plasma viral load below 400 copies/ml(More)
In a longitudinal study we address the hypothesis that resis tance to disease progression in lentivirus-infected chimpanzees is related to potent non-cytotoxic suppression of virus replication. In a long-term follow-up, the viral suppressive capacity in two simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)cpz-infected chimpanzees was correlated with two polymerase chain(More)
A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the ability of RIT 4237 live attenuated bovine rotavirus (subgroup 1) vaccine strain to protect against natural rotavirus infection in children. 178 infants aged 8 to 11 months received a single oral dose of RIT 4237 vaccine or placebo and were followed up serologically and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of the colorimetric resazurin microtiter assay (REMA) method for the detection of ofloxacin resistance. METHODS A panel of 120 multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains was tested blindly by the REMA method and compared with the results obtained using the BACTEC 460 method. RESULT A very good(More)
A candidate oral live rotavirus vaccine, strain RIT 4237, of bovine origin, was tested for immunogenicity and safety in man. In adults the vaccine did not cause clinical symptoms, and a booster response in rotavirus serum antibodies was seen in 2/20 subjects. In seronegative young children one oral dose induced seroconversion to homologous virus in 15/17(More)
To determine the relative importance of two known serotypes of human rotavirus, we developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to differentiate serotype-specific rotavirus antigen and antibody. Using this technic, we studied the epidemiology of the two serotypes in acute gastroenteritis. Seventy-seven per cent of 414 rotavirus isolates were Type 2, and(More)
Three commercial assays for quantifying plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA were evaluated. The assays differed in their sample volumes, the means of preparing samples, and methods of amplification and detection. Plasma samples were obtained from 36 HIV-1-infected patients representing all stages of HIV-1 infection and were analyzed as(More)
This study was undertaken within the framework of a surveillance project on the resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first-line antituberculosis drugs in four provinces of Rwanda with a high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). The purpose was to determine the prevalence of primary and acquired resistance of M. tuberculosis to major antituberculosis(More)