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BACKGROUND The relationship between the protein-energy nutritional status and renal function was assessed in 1785 clinically stable patients with moderate to advanced chronic renal failure who were evaluated during the baseline phase of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study. Their mean +/- SD glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 39.8 +/- 21.1(More)
The safety of dietary protein and phosphorous restriction was evaluated in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study. In Study A, 585 patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 25 to 55 ml/min/1.73 m2 were randomly assigned to a usual-protein diet (1.3 g/kg/day) or a low-protein diet (0.58 g/kg/day). In Study B, 255 patients with a GFR(More)
Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic surrogate relationships have been used to describe the antibacterial activity of various classes of antimicrobial agents. Studies that have evaluated these relationships were reviewed to determine which of these surrogate markers were further dependent on antimicrobial class. The fluoroquinolone and aminoglycoside agents(More)
We extensively studied the epidemiology and time course of endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the Millard Fillmore Hospital, a 600-bed teaching hospital in Buffalo. The changeover from methicillin-susceptible S. aureus to MRSA begins on the first hospital day, when patients are given cefazolin as presurgical prophylaxis. Under(More)
The authors describe the histopathologic evolution of Lyme disease in severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) and normal C.B-17 and C57BL/6 mice inoculated with Borrelia burgdorferi. Starting on day 7 after inoculation, all scid mice infected subcutaneously in the tail with a low-passage European tick isolate of B. burgdorferi had clinical evidence of(More)
We report that the spirochete B. burgdorferi induces progressive polyarthritis and carditis in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (scid) but not in normal C.B-17 mice. The onset and severity of the disease were dependent on (a) the viability; (b) the infectivity; and (c) the dose of inoculated B. burgdorferi organisms. Infective spirochetes(More)
A case of pregabalin misuse associated with delusional ideas in a drug addict is reported. Pregabalin has been approved as an adjunct therapy for epilepsy, but also for neuropathic pain and generalized anxiety disorders and is widely used today. It has also been used in clinical trials to study its potential utility as a treatment for tobacco, alcohol and(More)
Using stereological techniques capillaries, interstitium and myocardial fibers were analyzed in perfusion-fixed hearts of subtotally nephrectomized male Sprague-Dawley rats with uremia of 14 months duration (or their sham-operated controls). Uremic rats had higher systolic blood pressure (140 +/- 20.3 mm Hg vs. 119 +/- 6.61 mm Hg) and left ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE To apply basic benchmarking techniques to hospital antibiotic expenditures and clinical pharmacy personnel and their duties, to identify cost savings strategies for clinical pharmacy services. DESIGN Prospective survey of 18 hospitals ranging in size from 201 to 942 beds. Each was asked to provide antibiotic expenditures, an overview of their(More)
This paper shows the results obtained by studying the lysosomal enzyme Cathepsin D as a potential marker for the vitality of wounds in human specimens. We have analyzed 53 samples using enzymological and histological techniques. Our results show the ability of Cathepsin D to establish the vital origin of wounds inflicted 5 minutes or less before death,(More)