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The Cochran-Armitage trend test is commonly used as a genotype-based test for candidate gene association. Corresponding to each underlying genetic model there is a particular set of scores assigned to the genotypes that maximizes its power. When the variance of the test statistic is known, the formulas for approximate power and associated sample size are(More)
Anteroposterior pelvic radiographs are the gold standard of imaging for mechanical hip problems. However, correct interpretation is difficult because the projected morphologic features of the acetabulum and nearly all routinely used hip parameters depend on individual pelvic position, which can vary considerably during acquisition. We developed software(More)
High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an established therapy for the treatment of symptomatic varus malaligned knees. A main reason for disappointing clinical results after HTO is the under- and overcorrection of the mechanical axis due to insufficient intraoperative visualisation. Twenty legs of fresh human cadaver were randomly assigned to navigated open-wedge(More)
The synthesis, photophysical characteristics, in vivo photosensitizing efficacy, human serum albumin (HSA) binding properties, and skin phototoxicity of some stable bacteriochlorins were investigated. The novel bacteriochlorins, obtained from chlorophyll-a, have long-wavelength absorptions in the range lambda max = 734-758 nm. Preferential migration of(More)
Starting from methylpheophorbide-a, a homologous series of purpurinimides containing alkyl substituents at two different positions [as 3-(1(1)-O-alkyl) and 13(2)-N-alkyl] were synthesized. These compounds with variable lipophilicity (log P 5.32-16.44) exhibit long wavelength absorption near lambda(max)700 nm (epsilon: 45 000 in dichloromethane) with singlet(More)
A first report on the synthesis and biological evaluation of the beta-galactose-conjugated purpurinimides (a class of chlorins containing a six-membered fused imide ring system) as Gal-1 (galectin-1) recognized photosensitizers, prepared from purpurin-N-propargylimide via enyne metathesis, is discussed. On the basis of examination of the available crystal(More)
For a comparative study, 3-(alkyloxyethyl)-3-devinylpurpurin-18-N-hexylimides with ester and amide functionalities were investigated for tumor selectivity and in vivo photosensitizing efficacy. Compared to amide analogues, the related photosensitizers with ester functionalities were found to be more effective. Among these compounds the(More)
This study presents a novel approach for the regioselective synthesis of a series of alkyl ether analogues of purpurin-18-N-alkylimide. In the purpurinimide series, this is the first example which demonstrates that the presence and position of the substituents in the macrocycle makes a remarkable difference in the in vivo PDT efficacy.
The anti-cancer activity of dimers joined with ether, ester or carbon-carbon bonds by photodynamic therapy (PDT) was compared by using DBA/2 mice transplanted with SMT/F tumors. Dimers with ether and carbon-carbon linkages were found to be more effective than those linked with ester bonds. Variation of the substituents at peripheral positions made a(More)
Macrophage infiltration of the kidney is a prominent feature associated with the severity of renal injury and progressive renal failure. To determine the influence of macrophages in renal disease models in the absence of endogenous T and B cells, we performed adoptive transfer of macrophages into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. In this study,(More)