G. Wynne Aherne

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The protein kinase Chk2 (checkpoint kinase 2) is a major effector of the replication checkpoint. Chk2 activation is initiated by phosphorylation of Thr68, in the serine-glutamine/threonine-glutamine cluster domain (SCD), by ATM. The phosphorylated SCD-segment binds to the FHA domain of a second Chk2 molecule, promoting dimerisation of the protein and(More)
The disappearance of methotrexate (MTX) from the serum after an intravenous bolus injection and intravenous infusion was studied over 24 hours in eight and four patients respectively. Probenecid given at the same time as the bolus injection delayed the disappearance of MTX from the serum and resulted in enhanced concentrations throughout the 24 hours(More)
ZD9331 is a drug that was developed from a potent class of water-soluble, C7-methyl-substituted, quinazoline-based inhibitors of thymidylate synthase (TS) that are transported into cells via a saturable, carrier-mediated system (reduced folate carrier, or RFC) but are not substrates for folylpolyglutamate synthetase. ZD9331 is the gamma-tetrazole analogue(More)
The thymidylate synthase inhibitor N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717) inhibits the growth of human lung carcinoma A549 cells. The cytotoxicity of CB3717 is potentiated by the nucleoside transport inhibitor dipyridamole (DP), which not only inhibits the uptake and therefore salvage of thymidine but also inhibits the efflux of deoxyuridine, thereby(More)
Four cell lines, the mouse L1210 leukaemia, the human W1L2 lymphoblastoid and two human ovarian (CH1 and 41M) cell lines, were made resistant to ZD1694 (Tomudex) by continual exposure to incremental doses of the drug. A 500-fold increase in thymidylate synthase (TS) activity is the primary mechanism of resistance to ZD1694 in the W1L2:RD1694 cell line,(More)
Histone acetylation plays an important role in regulating the chromatin structure and is tightly regulated by two classes of enzyme, histone acetyltransferases (HAT) and histone deacetylases (HDAC). Deregulated HAT and HDAC activity plays a role in the development of a range of cancers. Consequently, inhibitors of these enzymes have potential as anticancer(More)
Concentrations of natural and synthetic steroids and an anticancer drug (methotrexate) have been determined in water by adapting established immunoassay procedures. The limits of detection for the assays used were 10 ng/liter for norethisterone, 5 ng/liter for ethinyl estradiol and progesterone, and 6.25 ng/liter for methotrexate. Results below the level of(More)
The role of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) in the regulation of crucial cellular functions, e.g., gene transcription, differentiation, and proliferation, has recently been documented and there is increasing evidence that aberrant expression of these enzymes may have a role to play in the development of the malignant phenotype. The availability of potent(More)
1 Venous blood was obtained from patients with far-advanced cancer receiving either diamorphine (diacetylmorphine, heroin) hydrochloride (65 samples) or morphine sulphate (24 samples) regularly by mouth in doses from 2.5 mg to 90 mg every 4 h. 2 Samples were obtained within 30 min of the 09.00 h drug round. 3 Serial samples were also obtained over a 4 h(More)