G. West

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Angiogenesis is a critical component of neoplastic and chronic inflammatory disorders, but whether angiogenesis also occurs in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has yet to be established. We assessed mucosal vascularization, expression of endothelial alphaVbeta3 integrin, angiogenic factors, and their bioactivity in Crohn's disease (CD) and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The CD40 pathway is a key mediator of inflammation and autoimmunity. We investigated cell adhesion molecule (CAM) up-regulation and chemokine production by CD40-positive human intestinal fibroblasts (HIF) and microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC) induced by CD40 ligand (CD40L)-positive T cells and soluble CD40L and their effect on(More)
Increased hyaluronan (HA) deposition is a common feature of inflamed tissues, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-involved intestines. However, whether HA accumulation promotes or is the result of intestinal inflammation is unknown. Using the mouse dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental model of colitis, we investigated changes in HA(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition frequently associated with esophagitis and motor abnormalities. Recent evidence suggests that proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6, may be implicated because they reduce esophageal muscle contractility, but these results derive from in vitro or animal models of(More)
See editorial on page 1889. Background & Aims: To elucidate extracellular matrix (ECM) changes underlying intestinal fibrosis, a frequent complication of inflammatory bowel disease, we developed a murine model of chronic colitis associated with intestinal fibrosis. Methods: Chronic inflammation was established by weekly intrarectal administration of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fractalkine (FKN/CX3CL1) is a unique chemokine combining adhesive and chemotactic properties. We investigated FKN production by the mucosal microvasculature in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), its capacity for leukocyte recruitment into the gut, and the number of CX3CR1+ cells in the circulation and mucosa of IBD patients. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND NKX2-3 is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). NKX2-3 is expressed in microvascular endothelial cells and the muscularis mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMECs) are actively involved in the pathogenesis of IBD and IBD-associated microvascular dysfunction. To understand the(More)
Mucosal T cells are essential to immune tolerance in the intestine, an organ constantly exposed to large amounts of dietary and bacterial Ags. We investigated whether local fibroblasts affect mucosal T cell survival, which is critical for maintenance of immune tolerance. Coculture with autologous fibroblasts significantly increased viability of mucosal T(More)
In this paper, we outline the mathematical and physical foundation of the 1991 hypothesis by R. M. Santilli of IsoRedShift (IRS), namely, a frequency shift of light toward the red characterized by the loss of energy by light to a cold medium without any relative motion between the source, the medium and the observer; we outline the corresponding foundations(More)
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