Learn More
PURPOSE There is evidence from several large-scale clinical trials that reduced intake of lutein, a major component of the macular pigment, is a risk factor for the development of AMD. In the present study (LISA; Lutein Intervention Study Austria) it was hypothesized that lutein supplementation increases macular pigment optical density (MPOD). In addition,(More)
PURPOSE To compare 1-year functional and anatomic outcomes of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and photodynamic therapy plus intravitreal triamcinolone (PDT+IVTA) combination in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS In this prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial, 28 patients were included. All patients were(More)
PURPOSE It has been hypothesized that carbon monoxide (CO) acts as an important vascular paracrine factor and plays a role in blood flow regulation in several tissues. The present study investigated the effect of inhaled CO on retinal and choroidal blood flow. METHODS Fifteen healthy male volunteers were studied in a randomized, double-masked,(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have reported an age-dependent decline of macular pigment optical density (MPOD) as well as a relative lack of MPOD in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Results are, however, strongly dependent on the technique used. In this study, we investigated the age dependence of MPOD using spectral fundus reflectance. In addition, we(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that perfusion abnormalities of the optic nerve head are involved in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. There is therefore considerable interest in the effects of topical antiglaucoma drugs on ocular blood flow. A study was undertaken to compare the ocular haemodynamic effects of dorzolamide and timolol in patients with primary open(More)
PURPOSE Various studies have shown that retinal vessels in patients with diabetes mellitus have a reduced capacity to adapt to changes in perfusion pressure and to stimulation with flickering light. Structural and functional changes in retinal vessels in diabetes could lead to a general reduction of vasodilator and/or vasoconstrictor capacity. To gain more(More)
PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) is among the most important regulators of ocular perfusion. L-arginine, an amino acid, is the precursor of NO synthesis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether administration of L-arginine affects ocular blood flow. DESIGN L-arginine (1 g/min) or placebo was administered intravenously for 30 minutes in 12 healthy(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab on anterior chamber inflammatory activity. METHODS Sixty-one consecutive patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration were examined before, 1 day, and 1 week after intravitreal administration of 1 mg of bevacizumab (0.04 mL) for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. The(More)
PURPOSE There is some indirect evidence for altered autoregulation in patients with glaucoma, but only a few studies have measured ocular blood flow directly during changes in ocular perfusion pressure. The present study was designed to compare pulsatile choroidal blood flow and optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow during moderate increases in intraocular(More)
OBJECTIVE Flicker-induced vasodilatation is reduced in patients with vascular-related diseases, which has at least partially been attributed to endothelial dysfunction of retinal vessels. Currently, the standard method to assess endothelial function in vivo is flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD). Thus, the present study was performed to investigate whether a(More)