G. Wayne Brodland

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For nearly 150 years, it has been recognized that cell shape strongly influences the orientation of the mitotic cleavage plane (e.g., Hofmeister, 1863). However, we still understand little about the complex interplay between cell shape and cleavage-plane orientation in epithelia, where polygonal cell geometries emerge from multiple factors, including cell(More)
Mechanical forces play a key role in a wide range of biological processes, from embryogenesis to cancer metastasis, and there is considerable interest in the intuitive question, "Can cellular forces be inferred from cell shapes?" Although several groups have posited affirmative answers to this stimulating question, nagging issues remained regarding equation(More)
— A method is proposed to determine the average cellular geometry in high-resolution images of embryonic epithelia. The concept of a 'composite cell' is used to represent the average cell shape. This composite cell can provide evidence of stresses present in the epithelia. A new adaptive contrast enhancement routine is applied to the input image first,(More)
Coordination of apical constriction in epithelial sheets is a fundamental process during embryogenesis. Here, we show that DRhoGEF2 is a key regulator of apical pulsation and constriction of amnioserosal cells during Drosophila dorsal closure. Amnioserosal cells mutant for DRhoGEF2 exhibit a consistent decrease in amnioserosa pulsations whereas(More)
Although three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions of the surfaces of live embyos are vital to understanding embryo development, morphogenetic tissue movements and other factors have prevented the automation of this task. Here, we report an integrated set of software algorithms that overcome these challenges, making it possible to completely automate the(More)
Although it may seem obvious that mechanical forces are required to drive metastatic cell movements, understanding of the mechanical aspects of metastasis has lagged far behind genetic and biochemical knowledge. The goal of this study is to learn about the mechanics of metastasis using a cell-based finite element model that proved useful for advancing(More)
Although much has been learned about genetic networks, cell mechanics, and whole-embryo mechanics through experimental and computational studies, the challenge of connecting these separate bodies of knowledge into an integrated whole remains. Here, we offer a multiscale biochemical-mechanical framework from which such integration might proceed. We identify(More)
Characterization of mitosis is important for understanding the mechanisms of development in early stage embryos. In studies of cancer, another situation in which mitosis is of interest, the tissue is stained with contrast agents before mitosis characterization; an intervention that could lead to atypical development in live embryos. A new image processing(More)