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Five men performed submaximal isometric, concentric or eccentric contractions until exhaustion with the left arm elbow flexors at respectively 50%, 40% and 40% of the prefatigued maximal voluntary contraction force (MVC). Subsequently, and at regular intervals, the surface electromyogram (EMG) during 30-s isometric test contractions at 40% of the(More)
During 7 sessions at weekly intervals, 10 healthy males performed the same endurance test three times by isometrically contracting the masseter muscles at 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75 or 90 per cent of maximal electromyographic activity. The interval between the tests in any one session was 30 s. Changes in the surface electromyogram were monitored by calculating(More)
BACKGROUND Pelvimetry is widely used in women with breech presentation at term to select those for whom planned vaginal delivery is appropriate. However, its clinical value has never been established. We evaluated pelvimetry in a randomised controlled trial. The main outcome measures were the elective and emergency caesarean-section rates and the early(More)
Electromyographic and clinical characteristics of 42 myogenous craniomandibular disorder (CMD) patients were related to 40 healthy control subjects. Surface EMG recordings were obtained from the masseter and the temporal muscles. The clinical examination included active maximum mouth opening, endfeel distance, active laterotrusion and lateral endfeel(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the recovery of the maximum voluntary contraction force (MVC), the endurance time and electromyographical (EMG) parameters following exhaustive dynamic exercise of the m. biceps brachii. EMG recordings were made in ten healthy subjects using bipolar surface electrodes placed over the common belly of the left arm(More)
Ten female patients with myogenous craniomandibular disorders who had complete dentitions and mainly unilateral muscle pain and tenderness to palpation, and 10 healthy female controls, participated in the study. The surface electromyographic signals of masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during 30-s test contractions at 50% of the maximum(More)
Anatomical and electromyographical evidence suggests a compartmentalized function of the human jaw-closing muscles during both static and dynamic motor tasks. However, the voluntary nature of these tasks hampers unequivocal interpretation of this evidence, because it is impossible to activate voluntarily a single part of a muscle exclusively. Activation of(More)
Previous EMG studies have provided indications for the differential activation of the human temporalis muscle. However, in these studies the contribution of different parts of the temporalis muscle could not be separated from the contributions of other muscles, since contraction was performed by voluntary activation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to(More)
We describe an automated method for magnesium assay, for use with the Cobas-Bio centrifugal analyzer. Magnesium is reacted with calmagite, a dye, and the absorbance of the magnesium-dye complex at 520 nm is measured. EDTA is then added to break up the complex and the absorbance at 520 nm is re-measured to correct for sample color and turbidity. Including(More)
The silent period in the jaw-closing muscles of nine healthy subjects was investigated. The stimulus types used were the open-close-clench movement (OCC), the mechanical chin tap and electrical skin stimulation. Irrespective of the jaw-closing speed for the OCC movements only the unmeasurable and single type silent periods were observed. Increasing the chin(More)
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