G. V. Shivashankar

Apurva Sarin3
Soumya Gupta3
3Apurva Sarin
3Soumya Gupta
2Abhishek Kumar
2Shovamayee Maharana
2Lakshmi R. Perumalsamy
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Inspite of being embedded in a dense meshwork of nuclear chromatin, gene loci and large nuclear components are highly dynamic at 37°C. To understand this apparent unfettered movement in an overdense environment, we study the dynamics of a passive micron size bead in live cell nuclei at two different temperatures (25 and 37°C) with and without external(More)
Remodeling of the local chromatin structure is essential for the regulation of gene expression. While a number of biochemical and bioimaging experiments suggest decondensed chromatin structures are associated with transcription, a direct visualization of DNA and transcriptionally active RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II) at super-resolution is still lacking.(More)
Genomes are spatially assembled into chromosome territories (CT) within the nucleus of living cells. Recent evidences have suggested associations between three-dimensional organization of CTs and the active gene clusters within neighboring CTs. These gene clusters are part of signaling networks sharing similar transcription factor or other downstream(More)
  • Soumya Gupta, Nimi Marcel, Shefali Talwar, Megha Garg, Indulaxmi R., Lakshmi R. Perumalsamy +2 others
  • 2012
Cellular differentiation programs are accompanied by large-scale changes in nuclear organization and gene expression. In this context, accompanying transitions in chromatin assembly that facilitates changes in gene expression and cell behavior in a developmental system are poorly understood. Here, we address this gap and map structural changes in chromatin(More)
The nucleus of a living cell is constantly undergoing changes in shape and size as a result of various mechanical forces in physiology. These changes correlate with alterations in gene expression, however it is unclear whether nuclear deformation alone is sufficient to elicit these alterations. We used T-cell activation as a model system to test the(More)
The cell nucleus functions amidst active cytoskeletal filaments, but its response to their contractile stresses is largely unexplored. We study the dynamics of the nuclei of single fibroblasts, with cell migration suppressed by plating onto micro-fabricated patterns. We find the nucleus undergoes noisy but coherent rotational motion. We account for this(More)
The development of an organism is accompanied by various cellular morphogenetic movements, changes in cellular as well as nuclear morphology and transcription programs. Recent evidence suggests that intra and inter-cellular connections mediated by various adhesion proteins contribute to defining nuclear morphology. In addition, three dimensional(More)
The nuclear transport of paxillin appears to be crucial for paxillin function but the mechanism of transport remains unclear. Here, we show that the nuclear transport of paxillin is regulated by focal adhesion turnover and the presence of FAT domains. Focal adhesion turnover was controlled using triangular or circular fibronectin islands. Circular islands(More)
Extracellular microenvironmental signals modulate the coupling between cytoskeleton to nuclear links to regulate gene expression profiles. However the influence of actomyosin assembly on the morphology of the nucleus is not well understood. In this paper, we quantitatively demonstrate the role of cell geometry and specific actomyosin molecular components in(More)
Tissue homeostasis is a dynamic process involving proliferation and the removal of redundant or damaged cells. This is exemplified in the coordinated deletion-triggered by limiting trophic factors/cytokines in the extracellular milieu-of differentiated T cells overproduced during the mammalian immune response. However, mechanisms by which extracellular cues(More)
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