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An exposure chamber for microdialysis on awake, freely moving rats during exposure to volatile agents is described. Inhalation exposure to 1000 and 2000 ppm toluene for 2 h was accompanied by an increase in extracellular dopamine levels within the striatum, but did not affect the homovanillic acid level. Neither the dopamine nor the homovanillic acid level(More)
Effect of acute inhalation exposure of toluene or halothane anaesthesia on extracellular levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was monitored within the cerebellum of rats by microdialysis. GABA increased during and after exposure to toluene (2000 p.p.m., 2 hr) in contrast, halothane had no noticeable effect on GABA levels. When tetrodotoxin was added to(More)
Testicular and germ cell line morphology in rats were studied 2 weeks, 10 months and 14 months after cessation of a 61-day inhalation exposure to 1000 ppm n-hexane. Androgen biosynthetic capacity of testis, testosterone blood concentration, vas deferens morphology and noradrenaline (NA) concentration, epididymal sperm morphology, and fertility were also(More)
The visual pigments, and the structure of the visual cells, were investigated by spectrophotometry and by light and electron microscopy in fetal and adult sheep. The rhodopsin system in adult sheep closely resembles that of cattle. The absorbance maxima of rhodopsin, lumirhodopsin, and metarhodopsin I are at 498, 490, and 480 nm, respectively. The estimated(More)
Rats were exposed to toluene (1000 ppm, 16 h/d, 5 d/w, 2 w), or noise (100 dB Leq, 10 h/d, 7 d/w, 4 w) or toluene followed by noise. Auditory function was tested by brainstem audiometry using a 1/3 octave filtered sine wave stimulus at the frequencies 1.6, 3.15, 6.3, 12.5 and 20.0 kHz. A high-frequency auditory impairment was observed after exposure to(More)
Rats were exposed to noise (100 dB Leq, 10 h/d, 7 d/w, 4 w), or to toluene (1,000 ppm, 16 h/d, 7 d/w, 2 w), or to noise followed by toluene. Auditory sensitivity was tested before exposure, and 1 to 4 weeks after exposure, by brainstem audiometry using a 1/3-octave filtered sine wave stimulus at the frequencies 1.6, 3.15, 6.3, 12.5 and 20.0 kHz. Some(More)
The potential neurotoxicity of the solvent toluene to the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system was assessed in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Rats, 1 day after a unilateral injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OH DA) into the substantia nigra, inhaled air or different concentrations of toluene (80, 300 or 1000 ppm), 6 h/day for 3 days. The animals were(More)
Pigmented rats were exposed to toluene (1000 ppm, 21 h/day) for 6 or 11 weeks. The function of the vestibulo- and opto-oculomotor systems was tested one month after the end of the exposure by recording of nystagmus, induced by vestibular or optokinetic stimuli. The eye movements were recorded by a magnetic search coil technique. The optokinetic gain in the(More)